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Author Topic: Great Sufi Saint  (Read 1543 times)

RhythM_of_RaiN

Re: Great Sufi Saint
« Reply #15 on: December 13, 2011, 12:45:59 PM »
0
BRIEF BIOGRAPHY :
Birth Name: Abu Yazid Bistami or Tayfur Abu Yazid al-Bustami
Born in: Bostam, Iran

In Depth :

Hazrat Bayazid Bustami [R.A], also known as Yazid Bistami or Tayfur Abu Yazid al-Bustami, was a Persian Sufi Master.

Not much is known about his childhood and youth, except that he would enjoy solitude in his house or the Masjid, and also welcomed people to his house to discuss Sufism.

Influence on Sufism

In his quest to seek unity with Almighty Allah, he renounced worldly pleasures and eventually reached the state of self-annihilation which is the only way one can be closest to Allah.

He also became known as the first ‘intoxicated’ Sufi, referring to his complete devotion to God, which reached such an extent that he would openly express his love for Allah. For this reason, he was controversial during his time yet extremely influential in the world of Sufism.

Before him, Sufism was mainly based on piety & obedience and he played a major role in placing the concept of Divine Love at its core.

Hazrat Bayazid Bustami was the first to speak openly of 'self-annihalation in God' (fana fillah) and 'existence through God' (baqa billah).

The 'annihilation of the self' (fana fillah) refers to disregarding everything in this world due to one's love of God. When a person enters the state of ‘fana’, at that time it is believed that one is closest to God.

Hazrat Bayazid Bustami's sayings gained a wide circulation and soon exerted a captivating influence over the minds of students who aspired to understand the meaning of 'wahdat al-wujud', Unity of Being.

Exile & Controversy about His Utterances

Unlike many Sufis who reserve their feelings within themselves and not allowing such expressions to be observed to the outside world, Hazrat Bayazid expressed himself openly and as a result, many shunned him. Those who opposed to his openness would accuse him of being a heretic due to his controversial sayings which they could not comprehend at the time.

Hazrat Ibn Hajar Asqalani said, in reference to Hazrat Bayazid's famous utterances, "Allah knows the secret and Allah knows the heart. Whatever Abu Yazid spoke from his Knowledge of Realities, the people of his time did not understand. They condemned him and exiled him seven times from his city. Every time he was exiled, terrible afflictions would strike the city until the people would call him back, pledge allegiance to him, and accept him as a real saint."

Hazrat Fariduddin Attar relate that Hazrat Bayazid said, when he was exiled from his city, "O Blessed city, whose refuse is Bayazid!"

Advice to His Mureeds
He urged his students (Mureeds) to put their affairs in the Hands of Allah and to accept sincerely the pure doctrine of Tawheed (the Oneness of God).

He also taught five essentials:
to follow the obligations according to the Qur'an and Sunnah,
to always speak the truth,
to keep the heart free from hatred,
to avoid forbidden food
and to shun innovations (bid`a).

Sayings & Quotes

- He said about Allah's love for His servant, "If Allah loves His servant He will grant three attributes that are the proofs of His Love: generosity like the generosity of the ocean, and favor like the favor of the Sun in its giving of light, and modesty like the modesty of the Earth. The true lover never considers any affliction too great and never decreases his worship because of his pure faith."

- He once said, ""Praise to Me, for My greatest Glory!"

This sparked much controversy, but his followers understood his sayings because they were able to comprehend something which most Sufis at the time did not; that Hazrat Bayazid had reached a stage of self-annihilation so strongly infused with the Divine Presence that there was only space for God and no room for his own existence.

- They asked him, "Describe your day and describe your night." He said, "I don't have a day and I don't have a night, because day and night are for those who have characteristics of creation. I have shed myself the way the snake sheds its skin."

Hazrat Bayazid’s Shrine in Bangladesh
There is a shrine in Chittagong, Bangladesh that local people believe to also be Hazrat Bayazid's tomb.

This is unlikely but there may be explanation as to why this shrine is atributed to him:

A local legend tells that Hazrat Bayazid did indeed visit Chittagong. At the time of his return, he found that his local followers did not want him to leave. Overwhelmed by the love of his local followers, he pierced his finger and dropped a few drops of his blood on the ground and allowed his followers to build a shrine in his name where his blood drops fell.

This also explained by the traditional Sufi masters as a mash-had, or site of witnessing, where the spiritual presence of the saint has been witnessed, and is known to appear.

This is explained through the Sufi concept of a Saint's power to travel and in its spiritual form, even after death, to appear to the living. The Qur'an mentions that some of those who have proven their sincerity have achieved a life beyond the grave:

"Think not of those who are slain in Allah's way as dead. Nay, they live, finding their sustenance in the presence of their Lord."
[Holy Qur'an 3:169]

Death & Departure of Hazrat Bayazid
When Hazrat Bayazid died, he was over seventy years old. Before he died, someone asked him his age. He said: "I am four years old. For seventy years I was veiled. I got rid of my veils only four years ago."

Bayazid died in 261 H. It is said he is buried in two places, one is Damascus and the other is Bistam in Persia. 

ShayarFamily--> Shayaro Ki Mehfil

Re: Great Sufi Saint
« Reply #15 on: December 13, 2011, 12:45:59 PM »

RhythM_of_RaiN

Re: Great Sufi Saint
« Reply #16 on: December 13, 2011, 12:50:39 PM »
0
BRIEF BIOGRAPHY :
Birth Name: Jafar ibn Muhammad ibn Ali ibn Husayn
Passed away in: 148 H

In Depth:

Hazrat Imam Jafar Sadiq was the son of Imam Muhammad al-Baqir, son of Hazrat Imam Zainul Abideen, son of Hazrat Imam Hussain, son of Hazrat Ali bin Abi Talib.
 
Hazrat Imam Jafar Sadiq was born on the 8th of Ramadan in the year 83 H. His mother was the daughter of al-Qasim, whose great grandfather was Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique.
 
He spent his life in worship and acts of piety for the sake of Allah. He rejected all positions of fame in favor of ‘uzla’ or isolation from the lower world. One of his contemporaries, Umar ibn Abi-l-Muqdam, said, "When I look at Hazrat Imam Jafar bin Muhammad I see the lineage and the secret of the Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) united in him."
 
He received from the Prophet, two lines of inheritance: the secret of the Prophet through Hazrat Ali and the secret of the Prophet through Hazrat Abu Bakr.
In him, the two lineages met and for that reason he was called "the Inheritor of the Prophetic Station” (Maqam an-Nabuwwa), and ‘the Inheritor of the Truthful Station’ (Maqam as-Siddiqiyya)."
In him was reflected the light of the knowledge of Truth and Reality. That light shone forth and that knowledge was spread widely through him during his lifetime.
 
Hazrat Imam Jafar narrated from his father, Imam Muhammad al-Baqir, that a man came to his grandfather, Imam Zainul Abideen, and said, "Tell me about Abu Bakr!" He said, "You mean as-Siddiq?" The man said, "How do you call him as-Siddiq when he is against you, the Family of the Prophet?" He replied, "Woe to you. The Prophet (s.a.w) called him as-Siddiq, and Allah accepted his title of as-Siddiq. If you want to come to me, keep the love of Abu Bakr and Umar in your heart."
 
Hazrat Imam Jafar said, "The best intercession that I hope for is the intercession of Abu Bakr as-Siddiq."
 
From him is reported also the following invocation: "O Allah, You are my Witness that I love Abu Bakr and I love Umar, and if what I am saying is not true may Allah cut me off from the intercession of Muhammad (s.a.w).”
He took the knowledge of Hadith from two sources: from his father through Hazrat Ali and from his maternal grandfather Hazrat Qasim.
Then he increased his knowledge of Hadith by sitting with Urwa, Aata, Nafi and Zuhri. The two Sufyans, Hazrat Sufyan Thawri and Sufyan ibn Uyayna, Imam Malik, Imam Abu Hanifa, and al-Qattan all narrated Hadith through him, as did many others from later Hadith scholars. He was a Mufassir al-Qur'an or master in exegesis, a scholar of jurisprudence, and one of the greatest Mujtahids (qualified to give legal decisions) in Madinah Sharif.

Scholars who either attended Hazrat Imam Jafar Sadiq's lectures or studied with him include Imam Abu Hanifa & Imam Malik.
Hazrat Imam Jafar acquired both the external religious knowledge as well as the internal confirmation of its reality in the heart. The latter was reflected in his many visions and miraculous powers, too numerous to tell.

Some anecdotes
 
One time someone complained to al-Mansur, the governor of Madinah, about Hazrat Imam Jafar.
They brought him before Mansur and asked the man who had complained, "Do you swear that Jafar did as you say?" He said, "I swear that he did that." Hazrat Imam Jafar said, "Let him swear that I did what he accused me of, and let him swear that Allah punish him if he is lying." The man insisted on his complaint and Hazrat Imam Jafar insisted that he take the oath. Finally the man accepted to take the oath. No sooner were the words of the oath out of his mouth than he fell down dead.
 
Once he heard that al-Hakm bin al-'Abbas al-Kalbi crucified his own uncle Zaid on a date palm. He was so unhappy about this that he raised his hands and said, "O Allah send him one of your dogs to teach him a lesson." Only a brief time passed before al-Hakm was eaten by a lion in the desert.
 
Imam Tabari narrates that Wahb said, "I heard Layth ibn Saad say, I went on pilgrimage in the year 113 H., and after I prayed the afternoon obligatory prayer (Asr Namaaz) I was reading some verses of the Holy Qur'an. I saw someone sitting beside me, invoking Allah saying 'Ya Allah, Ya Allah...' repeatedly until he lost his breath. He then continued by saying 'Ya Hayy, Ya Hayy...' until his breath was again lost. He then raised his hands and said, 'O Allah, I have the desire to eat grapes, O Allah give me some. And my robe (jubba) is becoming so old and tattered, please O Allah grant me a new one.' Layth bin Saad continues, 'he had hardly finished his words before a basket of grapes appeared in front of him, and at that time, there were no grapes in season. Beside the basket of grapes, there appeared two cloaks more beautiful than I had ever seen before.' I said, 'O my partner, let me share with you.' He said, 'How are you a partner?' I replied, 'You were praying and I was saying Ameen.' Then Hazrat Imam Jafar said, 'Then come and eat with me,' and he gave me one of the two cloaks. Then he walked off until he met a man who said, 'O son of the Prophet (s.a.w), cover me because I have nothing but these tattered garments to cover me.' He immediately gave him the cloak that he had just received. I asked that man (who had asked to be covered), 'Who is that?' He replied, 'That is the great Imam, Hazrat Imam Jafar Sadiq.' I ran after him to find him but he had disappeared."
Someone once asked Ja'far Al-Sadiq to show him God. The Imam replied, "Look at the sun." The man replied that he could not look at the sun because it was too bright.
Ja'far Al-Sadiq replied: "If you cannot see the created, how can you expect to see the creator?"
 
From his knowledge he used to say to Hazrat Sufyan Thawri, "If Allah bestows on you a favour, and you wish to keep that favour, then you must praise and thank Him excessively, because He said, "If you are thankful Allah will increase for you" [14:7]. He also said, "If the door of provision is closed for you, then make a great deal of istighfar (begging forgiveness), because Allah said, "Seek forgiveness of your Lord, certainly Your Lord is oft-Forgiving" [11:52].
And he said to Sufyan, "If you are upset by the tyranny of a Sultan or other oppression that you witness, say "There is no change and no power except with Allah," (la hawla wa la quwwata illa-billah) because it is the key to relief and one of the Treasures of Paradise."
 
From his sayings:
- "Allah Almighty & Exalted told the lower world, "Serve the one who serves Me and tire the one who serves you."
 
- "Prayer is the pillar of every pious person; Pilgrimage is the Jihad of every weak one; the Zakat of the body is fasting; and the one who asks for Allah's grants without performing good deeds is like one trying to shoot an arrow without a bow."
 
- "Open the door of provision by giving donation; fence in your money with the payment of Zakat; the best is he who wastes not; planning is the foundation of your life, and to act prudently is the basis of intellect."
 
- "Whoever makes his parents sad has denied their rights on him."
 
- "The jurists are the trustees of the Prophet (s.a.w). If you find the jurists sticking to the company of the Sultans, say to them, 'this is forbidden,' as the jurist cannot express his honest opinion under the pressure of the Sultan's proximity."
 
- "No food is better than God’s fear and there is nothing better than silence; no enemy is more powerful than ignorance; no illness is greater than lying."
 
- "If you see something you don't like in your brother try to find from one to seventy excuses for him. If you can't find an excuse, say, 'there might be an excuse but I don't know it.'"
 
- "If you hear a word from a Muslim which is offensive, try to find a good meaning for it. If you don't find a good meaning for it, say to yourself, 'I do not understand what he said,' in order to keep harmony between Muslims."
 
His passing away
Hazrat Imam Jafar passed away in 148 H. and was buried in Jannatul Baqi, in the same grave as that of his father, Imam Mohammad al-Baqir, his grandfather, Imam Zainul Abideen, and the uncle of his grandfather, Imam Hussain ibn Hazrat Ali.

He passed on the Secret of the Golden Chain to his successor, Hazrat Tayfur Abu Yazid al Bistami, more commonly known as Hazrat Bayazid Bustami.

RhythM_of_RaiN

Re: Great Sufi Saint
« Reply #17 on: December 13, 2011, 12:53:11 PM »
0
BRIEF BIOGRAPHY :
Birth Name: Moinuddin Chishti
Born in: the year 536AH in Sijistan, Iran

In Depth :

Khwaja Moinudeen Chishti (RA) was born in the year 536AH in Sijistan, Iran as the son of Khwaja Ghyasuddin Chishti who was a very pious and influential man. He was a direct descendant through both his parents, of Hazrat Ali (RA).
His birth was a time of chaos and great upheavals in both India and the Muslim Empire as a whole, and so he was orphaned at the tender age of fourteen. Thus raised in the same condition as Rasulallah (s.a.w).

But soon there reached a point where social evils, moral degradations and personal tragedy stirred something deep within his young mind, and he began to turn towards the spiritual life.
Once when watering his father's garden, he came across a dervish, Hazrat Ibrahim Qanduzi (RA). He was deeply affected by the saint's holy manner, and Hazrat Ibrahim Qanduzi (RA)'s presence transformed Khwaja Moinudeen Chishti (RA)'s inner being. His eyes were opened to the ultimate realities of the spiritual world and so he began his spiritual journey by renouncing all material things. He sold his father's garden, all his possessions and distributed the money amongst the poor.

Still at a young age, he arrived at the great centres of learning in Samarkand and Bukhara, Uzbekistan, where he swiftly became a Hhafiz and distinguished Alim. But still unsatisfied with this, he began a strict regime of prayers, meditations, fasting and self-renunciation which continued for years and grew more intense and vigorous until Allah granted him the exalted rank of sainthood.
He used to fast for seven days and nights, breaking fast on the eighth with a small crust of bread soaked in water. At this point, he felt the need for a Sheikh, or spiritual guide, feeling the truth of the Qur'anic injunction, "O ye who believe! Be mindful of your duty towards Allah, and seek a means of approach unto Him, and strive in his way in order that ye may succeed." (5:35) .

He himself used to state, "Success is not possible without a guide." He travelled extensively throughout the near East, and finally found a spiritual guide in Hazrat Khwaja Uthman Haruni (RA). In the twenty years he spent under his Murshid (spiritual leader)'s guidance, he attained perfection in tasawwuf and was awarded the Khilafat-e-Azam by Khwaja Uthman (RA). He offered many pilgrimages both with his Murshid and alone.
It was during one of these, while in Madinah Sharif, that he was directed spiritually by Rasulallah (s.a.w) to go to India and spread Islam there.

Once, in Madinah Sharif, Hazrat Khwaja Moinudeen Chisti (RA) was paying his respects at the Darbar of Sayyiduna Rasulallah (s.a.w). While he was doing so, a voice was heard saying,
"Wa Alaikumus Salam Ya Qutbul Masha'ikh-e-bahro barr
(Peace be upon you also, O the Head of the Pious of the Earth and the Sea)."
On hearing this, his Murshid said to him, "Now indeed you have reached perfection."

After a full 20 years of hard training in Islamic mysticism under his great Murshid, Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin (RA) was bestowed with Khilafat in the Chistiya Silsila.
His Murshid, after advising him, handed over his Asa Mubarak (Sacred Staff), wooden sandals and Musallah (prayer mat) to Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin (RA), saying that those Tabarukaat (relics) had come down from Sayyiduna Rasulullah (s.a.w) in succession.

Then in 583 A.H. when he was absorbed in prayer at the Holy Kabah, he heard a voice saying, "O Moinuddin! We are greatly pleased with you. You have been given salvation. Ask for anything that you may like."
He submitted respectfully, "O Allah, give salvation to the followers and disciples of Moinuddin."
A reply was heard, "O Moinuddin, you are accepted by Us. I will give salvation to your followers and disciples and also to those who may enter your fold till the Day of Qayamat."
After performing the Hajj, he was divinely inspired from Madinah Sharif to go to Ajmer (India) to preach Islam; Rasulallah (s.a.w) commanded him, "O Moinuddin, you are the Helper of my religion. I entrust to you the country of Hindustan (India). Proceed to Ajmer and spread the light of truth."
Not knowing where Ajmer was situated, the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) appeared in Hazrat Khwaja Sahib (RA)'s dream and showed him where the city of Ajmer was situated.

Along the way, he stopped in several places including Baghdad, Isfahan and Balkh.
In Baghdad Sharif, he was the guest of Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani (RA), the King of all saints and founder of the Qadriya Silsila. Hazrat Ghaus-ul Azam (RA) organised a Qawwali in his own house for the visitors, and he himself stood outside that night, with eyes closed and his staff tightly held against the ground. When asked the reason for this, he replied, "I needed to stop the ground shaking, such was the power of Khwaja's wajd."

Khwaja Moinudeen Chishti (RA) and his disciples were in a cave in the mountains of the Hindu Kush when one of the most famous events in Sufi history occurred. Hundreds of miles away, in Baghdad Sharif, Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani (RA) pronounced his Chieftainship of all Awliya Allah by saying, "My foot is on the neck of all Walis."
Spiritually hearing the great Saint's statement, Khwaja Moinudeen Chishti (RA) immediately threw himself down and pressed his neck against the floor, signifying his submission to that truth.

It was because of this type of humble obedience that Allah granted him the title, Sultan-e-Hind, for he is the leader and spiritual head to all the hundreds of Walis that have blessed India in after-times. Indeed, it was that Khwaja Moinudeen Chishti (RA) who arrived in India at a time of tremendous upheaval and moral decay. The Ghaznavi dynasty was in its last steps, and the Rajput kings were gaining power. Tyrannical rulers were making life unbearable for common people, especially the Muslims whose numbers were diminishing day by day.

Yet India is not named "the land of Saints and Sufis" for just any reason; its people had inherited a wealth of spirituality that yearned for expression. It was into such an arena that Khwaja Moinudeen Chishti (RA) stepped, a torch to India's tinder.

First he went to Lahore, a centre of learning where resided a great number of Muslim theologians, philosophers and sufis. Yet he soon left this place, for his divinely guided mission was not to men such as these, but rather to those who were deprived of the light of Islam.

Thus he arrived in Delhi, which was to become the seat of his most famous successors. At the time, the city was a place of much fear and mutual hatred between Hindus and Muslims, but Khwaja Moinudeen Chishti (RA) began delivering his sermons in a soft and sweet tone. As a result of this kindness and forbearance, both Hindus and Muslims were turned towards the path of truth. The great Wali was revered and loved by those of both religions, a trend which, was to be the hallmark of Sufism in India.

Soon, however, he left Delhi too, heading instead for the remote city of Ajmer by the command of Rasulallah (s.a.w), deep within the kingdom of the most powerful Rajput Prince in Northern India, Raj Prithviraj.

This city was completely alien to Islam; no Muslims at all lived within its bounds. It was in this hostile environment that Khwaja Moinudeen Chishti (RA) and his forty disciples settled and began the bulk of his teaching. Very soon, however, he changed the entire civic atmosphere, gathering people of all races, castes and stations to the shining truth of Islam. His high morals and frugal lifestyle deeply impressed the Hindus and all the while, the beautiful messages of the Qur'an and Sunnah entered deep into their hearts. Soon they started to convert, multitudes upon multitudes, and the Prince became alarmed as even his courtiers and high-ranking servants took up Islam.

It is interesting here to note that the Prince's mother had predicted the arrival of Khwaja Moinudeen Chishti (RA), and had warned her son not to interfere with Khwaja Sahib (RA) lest he suffer total destruction. Whether Raj Prithviraj forgot this prophecy or ignored it is unknown, but he began to harass the Shaikh and trouble his followers. But Khwaja Moinudeen Chishti (RA), holding firm to the Islamic doctrine that, "Allah is with those who patiently persevere," steadfastly carried on his peaceful mission.
One day, however, he said, "the Prince will be captured alive, and his kingdom snatched away." This prophecy was proven true not long after.
The Prince was defeated by Sultan Shahabuddin, captured alive and brought into the presence of the Sultan, who ordered him executed. The power of the Rajputs was thus broken for more than three hundred years.

Khwaja Moinudeen Chishti (RA) carried on his work in Ajmer for 45 years, and millions entered Islam through his spiritual light and endeavours. Besides this great service, he also established permanent Sufi centres which were run by such mighty disciples as Khwaja Qutbudeen Khaki, Hazrat Nizamudeen Awliya, Hazrat Baba Fareed Ganj Shakar and Khwaja Nasirudeen Chiragh Delhawi (RA).

On the 29th Jamaad-us-Saani, before entering his bare cell for his usual meditations, he advised his attendants that he should not be disturbed. When his Khalifa-e-Azam, Khwaja Qutbuddeen Kaaki (RA), arrived from Delhi on the 6th Rajab, 633 AH, he found no answer to his polite knocking. Then the mureeds unhinged the door and there they found that their beloved Murshid had already left the world, at the ripe age of ninety-six. To the wonder and amazement of all, upon his forehead was inscribed letters of light which said: He was the beloved of Allah, and he died in the love of Allah.

RhythM_of_RaiN

Re: Great Sufi Saint
« Reply #18 on: December 13, 2011, 01:02:46 PM »
0
Khwaja Mohammad Durrab Khan
also known as Pir Saani Sahib, may Allah’s Mercy be upon him
Younger Brother of Khwaja Ghulam Mohiuddin Ghaznavi
 
Khwaja Mohammad Durrab Khan was born in 1912, in the Ghazni province of present-day Afghanistan.
 
His initial Islamic education was obtained from his father Khwaja Sheikh Mohammad Akbar Khan and from his uncle, Khwaja Gul Mohammad, may Allah’s Mercy be upon them all.
 
The major turning point of Khwaja Mohammad Durrab Khan’s life came when his elder brother, Khwaja Ghulam Mohiuddin, took a visit to India on a business trip for his horse trading commerce. On his travels, he decided to visit the centre of Mohra Sharif where he stayed for some time and received much spiritual blessing. Eventually he pledged allegiance (bayt) at the hands of the great Khwaja Mohammad Qasim Mohrvi, may Allah’s Mercy be upon him, who then became his spiritual guide and teacher.

Khwaja Ghulam Mohiuddin’s level of devotion towards his spiritual guide heightened with every moment, in whose presence he had found the true path to Allah and the Holy Prophet, may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him. This immense love and devotion towards his Master, Khwaja Mohammad Qasim, reached such an extent that his mind was absorbed in fayz, causing him to forget all thought about his business and his family.
 
For six or seven years, his parents did not receive any letters from him nor did they hear any news regarding his welfare. Naturally, their anxiety and concern deepened so they sent his younger brother, Khwaja Mohammad Durrab Khan, to Punjab to find him and ensure of his wellbeing.
 
Thus, Khwaja Mohammad Durrab Khan travelled from Afghanistan to Punjab, to Rawalpindi and then to Mohra Sharif, where he finally found his elder brother. Upon this joyous reunion, he also met Khwaja Mohammad Qasim who asked him to stay at Mohra Sharif for a few days.
Consequently, remaining in the honorable company of Khwaja Mohammad Qasim had a profound effect on him and he too eventually pledged allegiance to him, thus becoming a Mureed (disciple) alongside his elder brother.
 
Thereafter, Khwaja Mohammad Durrab Khan’s respect and love towards his Shaykh increased further, and he soon felt unable to bear even a moment's separation from his presence. He then remained at Mohra Sharif with his elder brother for several years as a result of this spiritual bond, and later, reflecting upon the experience, he himself said, “I only came here (to India) to find Khwaja Sahib.”
 
Eventually when he had successfully completed his spiritual training, his Shaykh appointed him as one of his Khulafa (deputies). He was then sent to the blessed land of Nerian Sharif, along with his elder brother, to establish Islam and serve in the footsteps of our Beloved Prophet, may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him.
 
Through much service and struggle, Khwaja Mohammad Durrab Khan held a prominent role in enlightening the region of Kashmir with the teachings of Islam and the siraat-al-Mustaqeem (Straight Path). Today, his devotees in Kashmir amount to thousands.
 
Khwaja Mohammad Durrab Khan passed away and was reunited with his Lord on Thursday 5 Jamadiul Aakhir 1409 (12 January 1989) at 4:10am. He was 77 years old.
He was then laid to rest in the honourable court of Aastana Aalia Nerian Sharif, near his elder brother Khwaja Ghulam Mohiuddin Ghaznavi, may Allah’s Mercy be upon them both.
 
Almighty Allah blessed Khwaja Mohammad Durrab Khan with seven sons, whose names are given below. After his death, his eldest son Sahibzada Pir Abdul Ghaffar Ghaznavi was appointed as his Sajjada Nasheen (spiritual successor).
 
Sons of Khwaja Mohammad Durrab Khan:
1. Sahibzada Pir Abdul Ghaffar Ghaznavi, may Allah’s Mercy be upon him
2. Sahibzada Pir Abdul Irshad
3. Sahibzada Abdul Wahhab
4. Sahibzada Khaleelur Rahman
5. Sahibzada Habeebur Rahman
6. Sahibzada Azeezur Rahman
7. Sahibzada Mehboobur Rahman
 
Khwaja Pir Abdul Ghaffar Ghaznavi, may Allah’s Mercy be upon him, passed away in August 2006 after dedicating years of devotion in the path of Islam as an Imam and Khateeb in Keighley, England.

RhythM_of_RaiN

Re: Great Sufi Saint
« Reply #19 on: December 13, 2011, 01:09:09 PM »
0
BRIEF BIOGRAPHY:
Birth Name: Hazrat Baba Fareed-uddin Masood Ganjshakar Dari
Born in: 29th Shabaan in 569 A.H. In Khotwal, a village near Lahore.

In Depth :

It is narrated that a miracle occurred before his birth proving his Saintship. One day, during the pregnancy of his mother, she wanted to pluck some plums from her neighbour’s tree although she had not obtained permission. The child in her womb (Hazrat Baba Fareed) created a severe pain in her stomach and forced her to abandon the idea of plucking, stopping her from acting unlawfully. After a few years after Hadrat Baba Fareed’s (R.A) birth, his mother lovingly expressed: “My dear son, during your confinement, I never ate anything which was unlawful.” Hazrat Baba Fareed (R.A), however, smiled and said, “But, my dear mother, you wanted to pluck some plums from our neighbour’s tree without his permission, and I had created a severe pain in your stomach which saved you from this unlawful act.”

After he had completed his early religious education at the age of 7 in Khotwal, his mother for higher education sent him to Multan. Here, he stayed in a masjid where he learnt the Holy Quran by heart and studied Hadith, Fiqh, Philosophy and Logic under the tutorship of Moulana Minhajuddin.

During his studies, Hazrat Khwaja Qutbuddin (R.A) of Delhi visited Multan where Hadrat Baba Fareed (R.A) became his mureed (disciple) in the Chistiya Silsila. Upon the instructions of his Peer-o-Murshid, he undertook a tour of Islamic countries, for about 18 years from 593 A.H. to 611 A.H. He travelled to Ghazni, Baghdad Sharif, Jerusalem, Afghanistan, Syria, Iran, Mecca and Medina meeting many great saints and Sufis. After the demise of Hazrat Khwaja Qutbuddin (R.A) the mantle of spiritual leadership in the Chistiya Silsila fell on the shoulders of Hazrat Baba Fareed (R.A) when Khwaja Qutbuddin (R.A) nominated him to be his Khalifa or spiritual successor.

It is narrated that when Hadrat Baba Fareed (R.A) visited Madinah Sharif he was spiritually commanded by the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) to visit Baghdad Shareef and meet Hazrat Abdul Wahab, son of Hadrat Ghaus-ul-Azam Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani (R.A). He was to receive some sacred relics from him. Accordingly, when he reached Baghdad Sharif, he received a box from Hadrat Abdul Wahab (R.A) which contained the folowing holy relics: Two flag-poles which were used by the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) in some of the battles fought by him; one wooden bowl in which Huzoor (s.a.w) used to eat; one pair of scissors and one Turban which was used by the Holy Prophet (s.a.w).

Because of political upheavals in Delhi, he was obliged to shift the centre of the Chistiya mission from Delhi to Ajodhan now known as “Paak Patan”. The Khanqah of Baba Fareed (R.A), with his patronage, became a great university of Moral and Spiritual Training. Thousands of aspirants, scholars, dervishes and Sufis reaped benefit from this spiritual university. Hadrat Baba Fareed (R.A) reached the pinnacle of spiritual glory through extremely hard Mujahedas (spiritual striving) to gain mastery over the Nafs.

Once Hadrat Khwaja Qutbuddin (R.A) ordered Hadrat Baba Fareed (R.A) to perform the Chilla-e-Makoos for 40 days. This chilla was seldom undertaken by Sufis and was one of the most difficult tests of Hadrat Khwaja Baba Fareed’s (R.A) faith and courage. It was to be performed in a well by hanging himself in a reverse or headlong position with his feet tied up by a rope to a sturdy branch of a treetop.

Once, due to weakness, Hadrat Baba Fareed (R.A) helped himself to walk with the aid of a staff. But after a few steps, the colour of his face suddenly became purple, as if he was under heavy punishment and so he threw away the staff. When Hadrat Khwaja Nizamuddin (R.A), who was escorting him, enquired the reason for this, Hadrat Baba Fareed (R.A) replied, “I wanted to take help of the staff, but Allah’s displeasure frowned upon me for depending on other’s help instead of His. I, therefore, threw away the staff and felt highly ashamed of this weakness in my faith in Allah, the Almighty.”

It is also narrated that once a trader was taking a caravan of camels laden with sugar from Multan to Delhi. When he was passing through Ajodhan (now Pakistan), Hadrat Baba Fareed-uddin (R.A) enquired casually as to what he was carrying on his camels. The trader sarcastically replied, “It is salt.”
Hadrat Baba Fareed (R.A) also affirmed, “Yes, it may be salt.” When the trader reached Delhi, he was awfully perturbed to find that all his bags of sugar had turned to salt. He immediately returned to Ajodhan and apologised before Hadrat Baba Fareed (R.A). Hadrat Baba Fareed (R.A) said: “If it is sugar then it shall be sugar.” The trader returned to Delhi and was pleased to find that the salt had turned back to sugar. This is how Hadrat Baba (R.A) received the title of Ganj e Shakar.

One of the devotees of Hadrat Baba Fareed (R.A) named Mohammed Neshapuri lived in Gujarat and was coming to Delhi with three other companions. On their way in the jungle, robbers encountered them. Mohammed Neshapuri and his companions had no arms to defend themselves. In such a helpless state, Mohammed Neshapuri remembered his Pir, Hadrat Baba Fareed (R.A), and also offered prayers seeking Allah's help in their predicament. Suprisingly, the robbers threw away their arms and offered apology to the party and went away.

One day some poor people came from Arabia to see Hadrat Baba Fareed (R.A) and said they were strangers to the land and that all their money was spent before the end of the journey. Hadrat Baba Fareed (R.A) gave them some dried dates which were lying in front of him at the moment and said, “Take them and go. Your journey shall be completed by the Grace of Allah.” Apparently, these persons were very disappointed with such a “cheap gift”. After leaving the Khanqah, they wanted to throw away the dates, but just as they were about to do so, to their amazement, the dates turned into gold. Regretting their miscalculations, these people left happily uttering their heartfelt gratitude and prayers for Hadrat Baba Fareed (R.A).

He fasted throughout his life and maintained his nightly prayers and devotions. Fear of Allah always dominated him. He was a staunch devotee of Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) and dedicated his entire life to the veneration of the Beloved Prophet’s (s.a.w) immortal glory. At the mention of the Holy Prophet’s (s.a.w) character, he would often weep out of his love and devotion. Hadrat Baba Fareed (R.A) avoided the company of kings, government officials and the rich. He also warned his Khalifas, devotees and mureeds to avoid their company. He was a living picture of humility. Whatever he received was spent in the Name of Allah and his chest overwhelmed with mercy and forgiveness. Many miracles are attributed to him during his lifetime and after his passing away.

On the 5th of Muharram, during the Esha prayer while in the act of Sajdah, he uttered “Ya Hayyo Ya Qayyum” and with these words on his lips his soul disappeared into the Eternal Bliss of his Beloved Allah. Immediately a “Nida” or Divine Voice declared: “Dost ba Dost Pewast” - Friend has merged into the unity of Friend (Allah).

His Mazaar Shareef is in Paak Patan, Pakistan. Hadrat Sabir Paak, Hadrat Nizamuddin Awliya and Hadrat Jamaluddin Hansi (R.A) are among his favourite Mureeds and Khalifas. It is generally recognized that he had three wives and many children. Hadrat Baba Fareed (R.A) was indeed one of the most brilliant stars of the Chistiya Silsila and is held in high esteem by one and all.

Hazrat Baba Fareed-uddin Ganj e Shakar (R.A) was born on the 29th Shabaan in 569 A.H. in Khotwal, a village near Lahore. He was a direct descendant of Hazrat Umar Farooq (R.A), the second Caliph of Islam.

RhythM_of_RaiN

Re: Great Sufi Saint
« Reply #20 on: December 13, 2011, 01:11:10 PM »
0
BRIEF BIOGRAPHY:
Birth Name: Abul Hassan Ali Ibn Usman al-Jullabi al-Hajvery al-Ghaznawi
Born in: Ghazna (present day Afghanistan)
Passed away in: Lahore, Pakistan

In Depth :

He was born in 400 A.H. in Ghazni, Afghanistan to a Syed family (descendants of the Holy Prophet). He completed his earlier education in Ghazni by memorizing the Holy Quran, and then studied Arabic, Farsi, Hadith, Fiqh and Philosophy. At that time, Ghazni was the center of education in Central Asia, and it was the realm of the famous Afghan ruler, Sultan Mahmood Ghaznavi.

After completing worldly education, Hazrat Ali Hajveri began to seek spiritual enlightenment . He travelled to many places for this purpose, and finally became a disciple (mureed) of Hazrat Abul Fazal Mohammad bin Khatli from the Junaidiya Sufi Order, who lived in Syria.

In Syria, Hazrat Ali Hajveri started his spiritual education under the guidance of Hazrat Abul Fazal. He slept less, ate less, performed tough contemplations & meditation. Then he travelled to many countries & places like Iran, Iraq, Syria, Turkey, Arabia, Azerbaijan etc. where he met many Sufi saints & dervishes.

Once he entangled in a spiritual mystery and wasn't able to solve it, so he went to the tomb of Hazrat Bayazid Bustami, where he meditated for many days. Due to the grace of Hazrat Bayazid Bustami, he eventually solved the mystery.

During his visit to Syria, he visited the tomb of the great Companion of the Rasulallah (s.a.w), Hazrat Bilal. There he slept for a while, and in his dream he found himself in Makkah, where he saw the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) with an old man who he didn't recognize. Then Hazrat Ali Hajveri fell at the feet of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) & kissed them. The Holy Prophet knew what Hazrat Ali Hajveri had in his mind, so he told him: "This man is Abu Hanifa, your Imam."

Later his spiritual teacher (murshid), Hazrat Abul Fazal ordered him to go to Lahore to preach the spiritual teachings of Islam. He said: "Hazrat Shah Hussain Zanjani is already there for this purpose. Why is it that I should also be sent there?" Hazrat Abul Fazal said: "It's none of your business, just go to Lahore." So he left Syria & went to Ghazni. From Ghazni, he went to Peshawar & then to Lahore, in 1041 A.D (431 A.H).
When he reached to Lahore, he saw that people are taking a coffin towards the graveyard for burial. He asked the people whose coffin that was, and they replied that it is the body of Hazrat Shah Hussain Zanjani. After hearing that, he understood why his teacher Hazrat Abul Fazal sent him to Lahore and so he started to preach Islam & build a mosque there.

At that time, Lahore was included in the Ghazni Kingdom, whose ruler was Sultan Mahmood Ghaznavi. And the governer of Lahore was Ra'e Raju, who was a Hindu and it was believed that he had many great mystical abilities. The people of Lahore used to supply milk to Ra'e Raju in big quantities, as a payment for these "abilities". Once an old woman was on her way to him and she passed by Hazrat Ali Hajveri, holding a water-pot filled with milk. Hazrat Ali Hajveri asked her to give him some milk from that. The woman refused & said that she has to give it to Ra'e Raju. Hazrat Ali Hajveri said: "Give some milk to me and by the grace of God, your cow will produce much more milk than usual".
The woman gave him the pot and Hazrat Ali Hajveri drank some of the milk, and then threw the remaining into the river. The old woman went to her home and was extremely surprised to see that the udders of her cow was full of milk. She filled all her pots with the milk, but still the cow kept producing more milk. Soon this news spread all around Lahore and people started to visit Hazrat Ali Hajveri. They brought pots of milk so that he would drink from it and bless it, and all of their cows started to produce more milk than ever before. Thus, the people of Lahore stopped supplying milk to Ra'e Raju.

Later Ra'e Raju sent one of his disciples to Hazrat Ali Hajveri, as his disciples also had so-called mystical abilities. That disciple didn't come back, so Ra'e Raju sent another disciple, who also didn't come back. In that way, he sent all of his disciples, but no one came back at all. Finally, he himself went to Hazrat Ali Hajveri, in anger and frustration.
Ra'e Raju challenged Hazrat Ali Hajveri to show him any miracle. Hazrat Ali Hajveri replied: "I'm not a juggler." Still, Ra'e Raju tried to impress him with his miracles, and started flying in the air. So then, Hazrat Ali Hajveri ordered his own shoes to bring him down. So the shoes of Hazrat Ali Hajveri went flying and hit Ra'e Raju on the head & brought him down.
Ra'e Raju was inspired & embraced Islam on his hands. After accepting Islam, he changed his name to Sheikh Ahmed Hindi.

When Hazrat Ali Hajveri built a mosque in Lahore, the front of the mosque was towards the south, and so it differed from all the other mosques of Lahore. So there became a doubt that the front of this mosque is not in the direction of the Ka'bah.
The Scholars of Lahore ruled out that mosque, but Hazrat Ali Hajveri did not respond to them. When the mosque was built completely, he invited all scholars of Lahore & said to them: "You doubted whether the front of this mosque was facing the Ka'bah or not. Now see for yourself which direction the Ka'bah actually is!"
When they looked to the front, they saw the Ka'bah before their eyes, as if they were sitting infront of it. All the scholars felt ashamed after watching that, and seeked forgiveness from Hazrat Ali Hajveri.

Hazrat Ali Hajveri also built a room adjacent to that mosque, and used that room as Khanqa (a spiritual school). Many unbelievers accepted Islam at his hands, and many people reached the higher stages of spirituality under his guidance.
He married twice, but both of his wives passed away soon after marriage. He had a son, named Hassan.

He lived in Lahore for 21 years, and then went to Syria to meet his spiritual teacher Hazrat Abul Fazal. After the death of Hazrat Abul Fazal in 453 A.H, he returned once again to Lahore.

Hazrat Ali Hajveri wrote many books, some of his books are: Diwan-e-She'r; Minhajuddin; Al-Bayan Lahal- Al-Ayan; Israrul Kharq Wal-Mauniyat; Behrul Quloob; Kitab Fana Wa Baqa; Birri'ayat Be-Huqooq-Ullah; Kashful Israr; Sharah-e-Kalam; and Kashful Mahjub.

Hazrat Data Ganj Baksh Ali Hajveri (also known as Data Sahib) passed away at the age of 65 in 465 A.H., in Lahore.

When Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti visited Lahore in 561 A.H (1165 AD), he stayed at the tomb of Hazrat Ali Hajveri for two weeks where he meditated. When he finished his meditation, he said a couplet in Farsi:

Ganj Bukhsh Faiz-e-Alam; Mazhar-e-Noor-e-Khuda
Naqisa-ra Pir-e-Kamil; Kamila-ra Rahnuma

Meaning:
Ganj Buskh (Bestower of Spiritual Treasures) is a grace to the world; a manifester of God's light.
A perfect spiritual teacher for the beginners; a guide for perfected.

KASHF AL MAHJUB
written by Hazrat Ali Hajveri

Originally written in Persian, Kashf al-Mahjub is still considered one of the best insights into Sufism; the author, Hazrat Ali Hajveri, wrote it at the request of a fellow Sufi from his hometown of Hujwir.
He travelled widely and met most of the leading Sufis of his day. Accounts of his personal experiences in Iran, Central Asia, and the Middle East enliven his learned discussion of mysticism. He drew upon writings of well-known Sufis such as Sarraj, Qushayri and Ansari, and he also had access to many early Sufi writings that no longer exist.

RhythM_of_RaiN

Re: Great Sufi Saint
« Reply #21 on: December 13, 2011, 01:13:06 PM »
0
~ Aftab-e-Nerian Sharif ~
Huzoor Ghawsul Ummat, Sultan-ul-Mashaykh
Khwaja Ghulam Mohiuddin Ghaznavi
May Allah’s Mercy be upon him
 
Father of Khwaja Pir Alauddin Siddiqui [d.b]
 
INTRODUCTION
 
The history of Islam stands witness to the fact that the spreading of its message to the furthest corners of the world are due to the tireless efforts of the Awliya Allah (Sufi saints) and the Ulema-e-Kiram (Islamic scholars).
 
In particular, the delivery of Islam’s message is hugely accredited to the work of the Awliya Allah which has resulted in the Muslim rule of India/Pakistan for approx. eight hundred years.
These Sufi saints emerged from the Arab world, and from the cities of Sanjar, Ghazni and Bukhara. They presented such a fine practical example of the doctrines of Islam to the inhabitants of the Indian sub-continent that people who worshipped idols of stone and multiple deities now turned to worship the one & only true God, Almighty Allah.
 
Amongst this group of pious accomplished Sufi saints is the great leader by the name of Khwaja Shaykh Ghulam Mohiuddin Ghaznavi, may Allah’s Mercy be upon him.
Khwaja Ghaznavi spent forty-seven years preaching Islam in the Kashmir Valley, and his great efforts resulted in thousands of people finding the way to true Islam and the Siraat-al-Mustaqeem (the Straight Path).
 
BIRTH
 
Khwaja Ghaznavi was born in 1902 in Ghazni, Afghanistan which is a city famous throughout Islamic history.
 
His father, Khwaja Mohammad Akbar Khan, was a great devotee of Sayyidina Ghaws-ul Azaam Shaykh Abdul Qadir Jilani, hence the reason why he gave Khwaja Ghaznavi the beautiful name of ‘Ghulam Mohiuddin’.
 
Khwaja Ghaznavi is also a descendant of the great companion, Sayyidina Khalid bin al-Walid, may Allah be pleased with him.
 
EDUCATION & UPBRINGING
 
Khwaja Ghaznavi’s initial Islamic education was obtained from Khwaja Gul Mohammad who was also his uncle. As well as teaching him vital Islamic knowledge, Khwaja Gul Mohammad also inspired his great enthusiasm for worship and Ibadah.
 
Throughout the years, Khwaja Ghaznavi also studied at the great Islamic schools in Gardez, Logar and Zurmat.
 
BUSINESS AFFAIRS
 
Khwaja Ghaznavi’s father was a very kindhearted & honest land-owner in his town, noted for his generosity and compassion, and he was also a very famous horse rider. This enthusiasm for horse riding led him to start a business in the horse trade industry, making Punjab and Lahore the centers for his business affairs.
 
It was this business which later became the cause of Khwaja Ghaznavi’s arrival in Punjab, at the age of 22, where he commenced his business affairs in various parts of the province.
Later, he chose to conduct his business on a permanent basis in Poonch, a district of Kashmir, as this was a much more suitable location.
 
Khwaja Ghaznavi’s notable honesty and dignified character led to his business becoming very profitable and lucrative. In a very short time, the whole district recognized him as a noble gentleman of honorable conduct.
When he would meet Sufi saints, many often prophesized that he would soon become a great Wali (Friend) of Allah.
 
PLEDGE OF ALLEGIANCE (or Bayt)
 
At the age of 25, while he was on a business trip to Azad Patan, Kashmir, he met a group of people who were on their way to Mohra Sharif, to visit the great Khwaja Mohammad Qasim, may Allah’s Mercy be upon him.
Khwaja Ghaznavi, being a truly modest and loving person, sent them with gifts for Khwaja Mohammad Qasim and asked them to convey his humble greetings to him.
 
When the people presented his gifts to Khwaja Mohammad Qasim, he said, "Let that businessman know that I want him, not his gifts."
 
This message was delivered to Khwaja Ghaznavi, who decided to meet Khwaja Mohammad Qasim several months later.
As soon as he met Khwaja Mohammad Qasim, the life of Khwaja Ghaznavi underwent a complete change. Soon he pledged bayt, or spiritual allegiance, at his hands thus becoming his Mureed (disciple). He then quit his business and decided to spend the rest of his life with his spiritual guide (Murshid).
 
Khwaja Mohammad Qasim (who passed away in 1943) was a great Sufi of the Naqshbandi Order, who devoted everything to his followers. Due to this immense fayz (blessing), Khwaja Ghaznavi progressed rapidly through the stages of spiritual training, or Tasawwuf.
 
Khwaja Mohammad Qasim appointed Khwaja Ghaznavi to serve in the famous langar khaana (open kitchen) for the visitors coming to pay their respects, and this duty he fulfilled for 12 years. The hospitality of the guests at Mohra Sharif was an extremely vital task and Khwaja Ghaznavi observed it with great honor, contentment and dedication.
 
KHILAFA (to be appointed as the Shaykh’s deputy)
 
When Khwaja Mohammad Qasim had completed Khwaja Ghaznavi’s tuition in Islamic knowledge and spiritualism, he appointed him as one of his Khulafa (deputies).
 
Khwaja Ghaznavi spent the days serving and the nights absorbed in the Zikr of ‘Allahu’. The sound of ‘Allahu’ was from the depths of his heart, and this caused Khwaja Mohammad Qasim to instruct him, "Go and search for a large territory in Kashmir, far from any population, and spread this Zikr."
 
He was to settle in this remote area and transform it into a centre of Islamic services.
 
NERIAN SHARIF
 
The son of Khwaja Mohammad Qasim, Pir Mohammed Zahid Khan, asked Khwaja Ghaznavi to start preaching Islam in the Danna Pothee Mir Khan district which was a completely deserted area. There was no population there; it was completely covered with forests and the land was full of wild animals. However, as this was an order, Khwaja Ghaznavi obeyed the instructions and settled there.
He was accompanied by his younger brother Khwaja Pir Mohammed Durrab Khan Sahib (also known as Pir Saani Sahib).
 
For the remaining years, Khwaja Ghaznavi did not ponder upon his land, property or business. The years ahead in Nerian Sharif brought trials and tribulation but he overcame them all with great resolve and determination.
 
Day by day, more and more people came to visit these servants of Allah, and were taught and educated about Islam. The uninhabited land was soon converted into the grand Darbar of Nerian Sharif where every moment is now spent in Zikr (remembrance) and Fikr (meditation).
 
CHARACTER & LIFE
 
Khwaja Ghaznavi’s life is a fine example of the pious ways lead by the great scholars & saints in the history of Islam. He was extremely generous and kindhearted, always ready to help those in need. Scholars, dervishes, the poor and wealthy alike would visit him daily as he always spoke to and treated all with great compassion, respect and hospitality.
 
He was a great figure of hope & kindness, and his devotion to Allah and the Noble Prophet is unparalleled. His incredible sincerity & righteousness transformed the wilderness into a now life-changing territory of peace and tranquility.
 
SERVICES TO ISLAM
 
It is impossible to give a complete account of Khwaja Ghaznavi’s services to Islam as he devoted his entire life to the Deen.
 
He made many journeys in Kashmir and Pakistan, and to surrounding areas for the purpose of preaching. In the daytime, he would preach Islamic wisdom to the public and at night, he would spend his time reciting the Holy Qur’an, praying and worshipping Almighty Allah.
 
There were never any shortcomings in either his day-time obligations or his night-time worship.
 
After the Isha prayer until midnight, he would be engaged in preaching and in Zikr gatherings. He would then sleep for a few hours, after which he would engage himself in solitary worship of Allah and Zikr.
 
Khwaja Ghaznavi’s devotees amount to more than three hundred thousand. His services to Islam spread throughout Pakistan, Kashmir and bordering areas as well as Afghanistan, England and the Arab world.
 
The services of Khwaja Ghaznavi’s younger brother and Khwaja Ghaznavi’s sons are well-known to all, especially the work of Ghaws-ul Waqt Khwaja Pir Alauddin Siddiqui, .
 
DEPARTURE FROM THIS WORLD
 
A year before he passed away, at an annual function at Hazru, Khwaja Ghaznavi said to Mawlana Hidayat-ul Haqq Sahib, “Allah knows best if I will be able to come here next year.”
Having returned from this function, Khwaja Ghaznavi soon fell ill and his health deteriorated increasingly by the day. Twice, he was taken to Rawalpindi’s Combined Military Hospital where operations were performed, however Khwaja Ghaznavi’s health continued to worsen. In the end, the illness was declared incurable.
 
While he was in the hospital, Khwaja Ghaznavi said, “Take me to my home.”
His devotees took him from Rawalpindi to Nerian Sharif. Here, Khwaja Ghaznavi again said, “Take me to my home.”
His devotees said, “This is our home.” Khwaja Ghaznavi replied, “This is not my home.”
 
During his very last days, Khwaja Ghaznavi had completely closed his eyes from this world. He would only open his eyes if someone spoke to him, or to ask if it was time for prayer.
 
Khwaja Ghaznavi departed from this world on Friday 28th Rabi-ul Awwal 1395 (11 April 1975) at 2.35pm after the Jummah prayer. He was 73 years old.
 
DEPUTIES (Khulafa)
 
Khwaja Ghaznavi appointed a number of Mureeds as his Khulafa so that they could continue his service to Islam.
His Khulafa number more than seventy. Some of their names are listed below:
 
1. Mawlana Hidayat-ul Haqq (Hazru)
2. Mawlana Mufti Abdul Malik Hazarvi (Hazara)
3. Faiz Mohammad (Tatta Pani, Azad Kashmir)
4. Ghulam Hussain (Bandli Sharif, Azad Kashmir)
5. Mohammad Ameer (Afghanistan)
6. Shaykh Nazeer Ahmad (Madinah Munawwara)
7. Ghulam Mohammad (Sahiwal)
8. Mohammad Shafi (Gujar Khan)
9. Mohammad Fazil (Sindh)
10. Mohammad Azam (Poonch, Azad Kashmir)
11. Mawlana Abdullah Ateeq (Kotli, Azad Kashmir)
12. Mawlana Riaz Ahmad Samdani (United Kingdom)
 
FAMILY
 
Khwaja Ghaznavi married three times. His first wife was from Nerian Sharif, the second from Ghazni and the third from Punjab. He left behind seven sons to his noble memory. All his sons are exceptionally learned Islamic scholars and preachers, who are continuing the great task of their honorable father by serving Islam.
 
KHWAJA GHAZNAVI'S TEACHINGS
 
1. The true meaning of Islam is to protect yourself from all sin, which is achieved by practicing the five pillars of Islam.
 
2. Abstain from all actions which are displeasing to Allah.
 
3. Your body should always be used for obedience to Almighty Allah.
 
4. When you stand for Salah, remind yourself you are standing before Allah, Who is the Greatest, Who hears and sees all things.
 
5. Allah blessed Prophet Adam, peace be upon him, with the complete knowledge of the names of all things. But his knowledge compared to the unlimited knowledge of our Holy Prophet, may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him, is like a drop of water compared to an ocean.
 
6. Jealousy, envy, hatred and arrogance are all evil traits which were not only the reason why Iblees refused to bow to Prophet Adam, but they were also the cause of the accursed lblees challenging Almighty Allah.
 
7. In yourselves, replace pride and arrogance with humility. Replace your base desires and comforts with patience, determination, gratitude to Allah, and engage in His Remembrance. Replace greed with love of Allah, His Beloved Prophet, and your Shaykh.
 
8. The four famous principles of the Naqshbandi Order are:
• Remember Allah with every breath
• Never take even one step in a wasteful cause, and remove from yourself all desire for worldly goods

• Always remain in the company of the Awliya-e-Kaamileen (accomplished Sufi saints)

• Bring others towards Allah, and always be conscious of Him.
 
9. An accomplished Shaykh is a deputy of the Holy Prophet,may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him, and is the means or Waseela between Allah and His servants. The Shaykh guides and leads his disciples by the teachings of the Holy Prophet.
The Holy Prophet said, “Scholars are the inheritors of the Prophets.” [Tirmidhi]
 
10. Do not be disrespectful to your Shaykh, do not ignore him, do not oppose him and do not consider your opinion better than his, because a true Shaykh will lead you to the correct path of Islam, the Sirat-al-Mustaqeem.
 
11. Your salvation & success in this World and in the Hereafter is dependent upon your Imaan (faith) and your good deeds.

RhythM_of_RaiN

Re: Great Sufi Saint
« Reply #22 on: December 13, 2011, 01:14:27 PM »
0
BASIC FACTS:
Birth Name: Ahmed Raza Khan
Born in: Barelvi Sharif, India
Date of Birth: 10th Shawwal 1272 AH (or 14th June 1856)

IN DEPTH:

Ala Hazrat's Blessed Birth
 
Imam Ahmed Raza Khan was born on a Monday, the 10th of Shawal 1272 A.H (14th June 1856), at the time of Zuhr Namaz in a place called Jasoli, which is in the city of Barelvi Sharif, India.
 
A few days before the birth of Imam Ahmed Raza Khan, his father, Allamah Mawlana Naqi Ali Khan, had a wonderful dream. He immediately disclosed this dream to his father, Allamah Mawlana Raza Ali Khan, who interpreted this dream by saying, "This is a sign that you are going to be the father of a child, a boy, who will grow up to be pious and knowledgeable. His name will gain prominence from East to West."
 
This was the good news that was given to Allamah Mawlana Naqi Ali Khan concerning the birth of none other than the ‘Emerald from amongst the Treasures of Almighty Allah’, the ‘Sweet-scented Rose from the fragrant Garden of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w)’, the great Imam Ahmed Raza Khan.
 
His Blessed Name
 
The name that was given to him at birth was the beautiful name of Mohammed. The name corresponding to that was Al Mukhtar. His grandfather, a great Scholar of the Ahle Sunnat wal Jamaat, Allamah Mawlana Raza Ali Khan, also gave the young child the beautiful name of Ahmed Raza. It was by this name that he was & still is famously known.
Much later in his life, Ala Hazrat added the title of Abdul Mustafa to his name, signifying his great love and respect for Sayyiduna Rasulallah (s.a.w).
 
Illustrious Family History
 
Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Al-Qadri, was the son of Allamah Mawlana Naqi Ali Khan, who was the son of Allamah Mawlana Raza Ali Khan, who was son of Allamah Mawlana Mohammed Kaazim Ali Khan, who was the son of Allamah Mawlana Shah Mohammed Azam Khan, who was the son of Allamah Mawlana Sa'adat Yaar Khan, who was the son of Allamah Mawlana Sa'eedullah Khan (R.A).
 
The great forefathers of Ala Hazrat migrated from Qandhar (Kabul) during the Mogul rule and settled in Lahore. Allamah Mawlana Sa'eedullah Khan, the first forefather of Ala Hazrat (R.A), held a high government post when he arrived in the Indo-Pak sub-continent. His son, Allamah Mawlana Sa'adat Yaar Khan , after gaining victory in the city of Ruhailah, was elected as the Governor of that city.
 
Allamah Mawlana Hafiz Kaazim Ali Khan, the son of Mawlana Mohammed Azam Khan (R.A), was a tax-collector in the city of Badayun. His son, Allamah Mawlana Raza Ali Khan , the illustrious grandfather of Ala Hazrat, did not serve in the Government. It was from this generation that the heads of the family began to adopt Tasawwuf as their way of life.
 
Here is a very brief history of Ala Hazrat’s father and grandfather:
 
His Father:
Ala Hazrat’s father, Hazrat Mawlana Naqi Ali Khan (R.A), received his education at the hands of his own father, Allamah Mawlana Raza Ali Khan (R.A). He wrote more than 50 books, amongst them was "Suroorul Quloob fi Zikri Mawloodul Mahboob", which received a very high distinctive position amongst Islamic literature. The treatise is characteristic in its condemnation of the enemies of Islam, both internally and externally.
He passed away in 1297 A.H. (1880) when Imam Ala Hazrat was 24 years old.
 
His Grandfather:
One of the greatest Sufis of his time, Allamah Mawlana Raza Ali Khan was born in the year 1224 A.H. He was also a great warrior and fought alongside General Bakht Khan against English invaders in the year 1834. He received his early education at the hands of Maulvi Khaleerur Rahman. At the age of 23, he had already completed his Islamic education, earning certificates of distinction in various fields of knowledge.
He passed away in the month of Jamadiul Awwal in the year 1282 A.H (1866). Ala Hazrat was only 10 years old at this time.
 
Imam Ahmed Raza's Piety As A Child
 
Ala Hazrat was a child of 4 years when the following incident took place.
On this particular day, he was dressed in a long Kurta (shirt). As he stepped out of his house, a few female prostitutes walked past him. In order to cover his eyes, Ala Hazrat quickly held the bottom of his Kurta with both his hands and lifted the Kurta over his face. When one of the prostitutes saw what he did, she said, "Well! Young man, you covered your eyes, but allowed your Satr to be shown."
With his face and eyes still covered, the young Ala Hazrat replied, "When the eyes are tempted, then the heart becomes tempted. When the heart is tempted, then the concealed parts become tempted." So shocked and affected was this woman on hearing such a reply from a child that she lost consciousness.
 
Another incident, which happened in the Month of Ramadan, also shows Ala Hazrat’s piety and fear of Allah.
It should be known that for a little child to keep fast in India during the summer season is very difficult. The average temperature on a summer's day rises to approximately 50 degrees Celsius. Fasting was not Farz (obligatory) upon him because he was still a child, but on this day he intended to keep fast. The heat of the sun that day was intense. Hazrat Allamah Naqi Ali Khan took his young son, Ala Hazrat (R.A), into a room where sweets were kept. He closed the door and said, "There, eat the sweets." Ala Hazrat replied that he was fasting. His father then said, "The fasting of children is always like this. The door is closed and no one is looking. Now you may eat." On hearing this, the young Ala Hazrat respectfully said, "Through Whose command I am fasting, He is seeing me." On hearing this answer from a small child, tears began to flow from the eyes of Hazrat Allamah Naqi Ali Khan (R.A). He then left the room with Ala Hazrat (R.A).
 
Imam Ahmed Raza's First Lecture
 
Sayyiduna Ala Hazrat delivered his first lecture at the age of 6 years. It was during the glorious month of Rabiul Awwal. Ala Hazrat stood on the Mimbar (Pulpit) and delivered the lecture before a very large gathering, which also consisted of various Ulema. His lecture lasted for approximately 2 hours. Ala Hazrat spoke on the Wilaadat (birth) of Sayyiduna Rasulallah (s.a.w).
He brightened the hearts of the listeners with the love of Sayyiduna Rasulallah (s.a.w). The people listening were thoroughly impressed by the maturity and eloquence of this lecture, which was being delivered by a 6 year old child!
 
His Intelligence As A Child
 
Ala Hazrat was so gifted and intelligent that there was no need for him to study beyond the fourth Kitaab of his course under the tutorship of any of his teachers. He studied the remaining Kitaabs by himself and used to later ask his teachers to test him.
 
Once, his teacher asked him, "Mia! Are you a Jinn or a human being? It takes me much time to teach a lesson, but it does not take you much time to learn the same lesson."
Ala Hazrat answered, "Praise be to Allah that I am a human."
 
When he was 8 years old, Ala Hazrat wrote a Masla concerning Fara'idh (Farz). When his father looked at the answer, he happily remarked, "If only some adult could answer in this manner."
 
At the age of 10, when he was studying the Kitaab, "I'lm-us-Thuboot," under the guidance of his father, he noticed a few objections and answers of his father on the side of the page. Ala Hazrat studied this book carefully and wrote such a well- explained footnote that even the need for an objection was ruled out.
His father came across his research on that objection. He was so delighted that he stood up, held the young Ala Hazrat to his heart and said, "Ahmad Raza! You do not learn from me, but you teach me."
 
Professor Dr Ghulam Mustafa Khan, Head of Department: Urdu, Sindh University, Sindh (Pakistan) said: "Allamah Hazrat Ahmed Raza Khan is among the outstanding scholars. His deep learning, intelligence, vision and acumen, surpassed that of great contemporary thinkers, professors, renowned scholars and orientalist. Indeed, there is hardly any branch of learning that is foreign to him."
 
Astonishing Events Of Childhood
 
At the age of 3, Ala Hazrat was once standing outside the Raza Masjid in Barelvi Sharif. An unknown person, attired in an Arabian garb, approached him and spoke to him in the Arabic language. Those who were present and witnessed this incident heard the young Ala Hazrat converse with the person in pure Arabic. They were surprised. The person who spoke to Ala Hazrat was never seen again in Barelvi Sharif!
 
A Majzoob (one who is drowned in his love for Almighty Allah), by the name of Hazrat Basheeruddin Sahib, used to live at the Akhoon Zada Masjid in Barelvi Sharif. He spoke harshly to anyone who visited him.
Ala Hazrat wished to meet this Majzoob. One night, at about 11 o'clock, he set off alone to meet him. He sat respectfully for about 15 minutes outside the Majzoob's house. After some time, the Majzoob became aware of him and asked, "Who are you to Mawlana Raza Ali Khan (R.A)." Ala Hazrat replied that he was the grandson of Hazrat Raza Ali Khan (R.A). The Majzoob immediately embraced him and took him into his little room. He asked Ala Hazrat if he had come for any specific matter, but Ala Hazrat said that he had come to ask him to make Dua for him. On hearing this, the Majzoob, for approximately half an hour, made the following Dua: "May Allah have mercy on you. May Allah bless you."


PRIMARY AND TERTIARY EDUCATION:
 
Commencement Of Islamic Education
 
During Ala Hazrat’s "Bismillah Kwaani" or "Commencement of Islamic Education", a very strange incident occurred:
His respected teacher asked him to read the Tasmiyah, and then told him to read "Alif, Baa, Taa . . ." Ala Hazrat began reading the "Alif, Baa, Taa ..." until he came to the word "Laam Alif" at which point Ala Hazrat became silent. When his teacher asked him once more to read "Laam Alif", he remained silent. The teacher instructed him, "Say, 'Laam Alif'". Sayyiduna Ala Hazrat (R.A) then replied, "I have already read them earlier on. What need is there for me to repeat it?"
 
Hazrat Allamah Raza Ali Khan (R.A), who was witnessing this incident, said, "Son! Listen to what your Ustaad is saying." Upon further reflection, Hazrat Allamah Raza Ali Khan (R.A) realised the reason for the objection of the young Ala Hazrat (R.A). It was because the teacher was teaching Ala Hazrat the lesson on single alphabets.
Ala Hazrat felt that how was it possible that a complete word like "Laam Alif" should be found in such a lesson that only dealt with single alphabets!
 
Hazrat Allamah Mawlana Raza Ali Khan knew that it was a very delicate matter that could not be understood by a child. Nevertheless, he explained, "Son! It is true that which you are thinking of. But the 'Alif' which you had earlier read, in reality, is 'Hamza' and this which you are reciting now is 'Alif'. 'Alif' is always 'Sakin' and one cannot commence with a letter which is 'Sakin'. Therefore, it is for this reason that the letter 'Laam' is brought before the 'Alif'."
 
When Ala Hazrat heard this answer, he replied, "If that be the case, then any other letter could be joined to the 'Alif'. Why the 'Laam'?"
Mawlana Raza Ali Khan (R.A), out of sheer happiness and excitement, embraced Ala Hazrat and made Dua for him. He then explained the answer to Ala Hazrat in the following brilliant manner: "In looking at them they both appear to be very much alike, since they are both empty. Even when writing them together they look very much alike. When it comes to their qualities then 'Laam' is the heart of 'Alif' and 'Alif' is the heart of 'Laam'."
 
Hazrat Allamah Mawlana Raza Ali Khan was in reality opening the doors and the treasures of knowledge and spiritual insight to Ala Hazrat (R.A).
 
Ala Hazrat was only 4 years old when he completed the recitation of the holy Qur’an. Due to the extraordinary intelligence bestowed upon him by Almighty Allah, Ala Hazrat completed his Islamic education at the very young age of 13 years, 10 months and 5 days.
Ala Hazrat states that, "I completed my religious education during the middle of the month of Shabaan in the year 1286 A.H. I was 13 years, 10 months and 5 days old at that time. It was also at this time that Salah became Farz upon me and I began to have great interest in the Laws of Shariah". (Al Ijaazatur Radawiyya)
 
Ala Hazrat gained his basic knowledge at home. He later continued his studies under the guidance of certain noted teachers. He studied under his father, Hazrat Allamah Mawlana Naqi Ali Khan (R.A). He completed his primary education by Janab Mirza Ghulam Qadir Baig, by whom he studied the book, "Mizaane Munsha'ab."

Ala Hazrat also studied under the guidance of the following luminous personalities :
 
1. Hazrat Mawlana Abdul Ali Rampuri (R.A),
 
2. Sheikh-e-Kabeer, Hazrat Allamah Syed Shah Abul Hassan Ahmed Noori (R.A),
 
3. Sheikh-e-Tariqah, Hazrat Allamah Shah Ale Rasul Mahrahrewi (R.A),
 
4. Sheikh Ahmed bin Zain-e-Dahlaan Makki (R.A), 5. Sheikh Abdur Rahman Makki (R.A)
 
6. Sheikh Hussain bin Salih Makki (R.A)
 
Ala Hazrat’s First Fatwa
 
In a letter sent to his illustrious Khalifa, Hazrat Mawlana Zafaruddin Bihaari, Ala Hazrat writes:
"With the Grace of Almighty Allah, this servant wrote his first Fatwa at the age of 13. It is also at this age that I completed my religious education and gained a certificate of proficiency in this field.
On this day, a question was put forward to me as to whether milk, if reaching the belly of a child, would prove fosterage or not? I replied that if milk reached the child's belly, either through the nose or mouth, fosterage would be proven, therefore, making it Haram upon the child to marry this woman". (Al Malfooz, Part I, page 12)
 
His father was so amazed and delighted by this in-depth reply that he assigned the young Ala Hazrat the task of issuing Fatwas (Islamic verdicts). For many years, thereafter, Ala Hazrat carried this very important duty with absolute dignity and responsibility.
 
Ala Hazrat began answering hundreds of Fatwas daily. He received them in all languages - Arabic, Urdu, Persian, English and many other languages.
 
Professor Dr J.M.S. Baljon, Department of Islamology, University of Leiden (Holland), when commenting about Ala Hazrat’s answers to religious enquiries, said: "Indeed, a great scholar I must confess. When reading his Fatwas, I am deeply impressed by the immensely wide reading he demonstrates in his argumentations. Above it, his views appear much more balanced than I expected. You are completely right; he deserves to be better known and more appreciated in the West than is the case at present."

RhythM_of_RaiN

Re: Great Sufi Saint
« Reply #23 on: December 13, 2011, 01:15:20 PM »
0
His Marriage And Blessed Children
 
In the year 1291 A.H. (1874), Ala Hazrat married Sayyidah Irshad Begum (R.A) who was the beloved daughter of Sheikh Fazl Hussain Sahib. He was 18 years old at the time of his Nikah (marriage).
 
Almighty Allah blessed Ala Hazrat with 7 beautiful children - 2 sons and 5 daughters. Both his sons became eminent Islamic Scholars and great Awliyah Allah. Ala Hazrat’s eldest son, Hazrat Allamah Mawlana Muhammad Hamid Raza Khan Noori Barakaati was very much efficient in Arabic and various other religious sciences. His features resembled his illustrious father.
Hujjatul Islam left this mundane world on the 17th of Jamadiul Awwal 1362 A.H., while in the state of Salah. His Mazar Sharif (Blessed Tomb) is in Barelvi Sharif, India.
 
Huzoor Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind, Imam Mustafa Raza Khan Noori Barakati (R.A), the younger son of Ala Hazrat studied primarily under the guidance of his elder brother. He also received education at the blessed feet of his father and earned himself a certificate of proficiency in religious sciences.
Huzoor Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind has approximately ten million Mureeds (disciples) around the world. He is also regarded as a Mujaddid (Reviver) of Islam of the 15th Century.
He left this mundane world on the eve of the 14th of Muharram 1402 A.H. (1981). His Mazar Sharif is also in Barelvi Sharif.
 
Incidents Pointing To His Immense Knowledge
 
Speaking about Ala Hazrat’s immense knowledge, Dr Sayyid Muhammad Abdullah, Chairman: Department of Encyclopaedia of Islam, University of Punjab, Lahore (Pakistan) said: "The scholar is said to be the mind and spokesman of the nation, especially that scholar who derives inspiration, thought and vision from the Holy Qur’an and the Holy Prophet's (s.a.w)’s traditions, a narration of divine knowledge, and exponent of divine scheme. He is the Voice of the Creator, a benefactor of mankind. It is not an overstatement or exaggeration, but acceptance of truth to say that Ahmad Raza is such a scholar.
 
"He, indeed, is a renowned scholar, great philosopher, eminent jurist, man of vision, interpreter of the
Holy Qur’an and the Holy Prophet's (s.a.w)’s traditions, and a spell- binding orator."
 
A few days after the Nikah of Ala Hazrat (R.A), a certain person came to Barelvi Sharif. He presented a Fatwa of Mawlana Irshad Hussain Mujaddidi to Hazrat Allamah Mawlana Naqi Ali Khan for an answer. The Fatwa bore the signatures of many Ulema.
 
Hazrat Allamah Naqi Ali Khan (R.A), instructed the messenger with the following words: "Go into the room. Maulvi Sahib is there. He will answer your question."
The messenger entered the room and only saw Ala Hazrat sitting there. He returned to Hazrat Allamah Naqi Ali Khan and said, "There is no Maulvi Sahib there. All I see in the room is a young lad." Hazrat Allamah Naqi Ali Khan told the messenger: "Give the Masla to him and he will answer it." The messenger went to Ala Hazrat and handed him the Fatwa. He studied it and realised that the answer on the Fatwa of Mawlana Irshad Hussain was incorrect. Ala Hazrat wrote the correct answer to the Fatwa and respectfully presented it to his father. His father verified his answer as being correct.
 
The very same Fatwa was then taken to the Governor of Rampur. After studying the Fatwa of Ala Hazrat (R.A), the Governor requested the presence of Mawlana Irshad Hussain Sahib (R.A). When the said Mawlana appeared before the Governor, the Fatwa was shown to him. Mufti Irshad Hussain Sahib humbly acknowledged that his Fatwa was incorrect and that the Fatwa from Barelvi Sharif was the correct answer. The Governor of Rampur then said, "If the Fatwa of Barelvi is correct, then how is it that all the other Ulema verified and endorsed your Fatwa?"
Mawlana Irshad Hussain replied, "They endorsed my Fatwa because I am prominent, but the true Fatwa is the one written by the Mufti of Barelvi."
 
When the Governor learnt that Imam Ahmed Raza Khan was only 20 years old, he immediately had the great yearning to meet him. It so happened that Ala Hazrat once visited Rampur. The Governor went and met Ala Hazrat (R.A). The Governor was overwhelmed and as a mark of respect offered him a silver chair to sit on. Ala Hazrat refused to sit on the silver chair saying that the use of silver furniture is Haram. Feeling ashamed, the Governor requested Ala Hazrat to sit on the bed.
 
While conversing with Ala Hazrat (R.A), the Governor commented that since he was so brilliant at such a young age, that Ala Hazrat should study a few books in Logistics under the supervision of Maulvi Abdul Haq Kheyrabaadi.
 
Coincidently, Maulvi Abdul Haq Kheyrabaadi arrived. They were both introduced to one another. After getting acquainted, he questioned Sayyiduna Ala Hazrat concerning the books that he had studied in the field of Logistics. Ala Hazrat told the Maulvi that he had studied the Kitaab, "Kazi Mubarak." Maulvi Abdul Haq Kheyrabaadi did not believe Ala Hazrat because he felt that he was too young to study "Kazi Mubarak". He then, very sarcastically, asked, "Have you studied 'Tahzeeb'?" Ala Hazrat also answered in a sarcastic manner by saying, "Is 'Tahzeeb' taught after 'Kazi Mubarak' at your institution?"
 
After listening to the answers of Ala Hazrat (R.A), he began questioning him about his qualifications. Ala Hazrat said that he preferred teaching, engaging in Fatwa work and writing books. He further asked Ala Hazrat concerning his field of expertise. Ala Hazrat replied by saying that he specialised in any field that was necessary at any given time, and this included debating the Wahabis.
 
When Maulvi Abdul Haq heard this reply from Ala Hazrat (R.A), he remarked, "That crazy person from Badayoun is also in this fanaticism." (He was referring to Mawlana Abdul Qadir R.A). On hearing this, Sayyiduna Ala Hazrat became offended and said, "Your father, Mawlana Fazl-e-Haq Kheyrabaadi (R.A), was the first person to debate the Wahabis, and he was the one responsible for writing a book against Isma'il Dehlwi. He called this book 'Al Fatwa Fi Butali Taghwa'."
 
Mawlana Abdul Haq Kheyrabbadi then said, "If, in my presence, you answer me in this way, then it will be impossible for me to teach you."
Ala Hazrat replied by saying, "I have already decided not to study under you, since for me to study under you will be an insult to the Ulema-e-Ahle Sunnat".
 
Mawlana Mufti Mazharullah said: "Once, I enquired from Ala Hazrat about the holy sacrifice offered by Muslims. He, in his reply, described innumerable kinds of sheep, which was a matter of surprise for me. I kept his letter with me. It so happened that Mawlana Kifayatullah came to see me and by chance he saw the letter. He was astounded and said, 'No doubt his learning and knowledge knows no boundaries'."
 
Branches of knowledge studied at his father's feet
 
Ala Hazrat became proficient in the following branches of knowledge at the feet of his father:
 
1. Tafseer of the holy Qur’an
 
2. Tafseer of Ahadith
 
3. Principles of Ahadith (Usool-e-Hadith)
 
4. Islamic jurisprudence (all four schools of thought)
 
5. Principles of jurisprudence (Usool-e-Fiqh)
 
6. Dialectics
 
7. Quranic commentary
 
8. Principles of belief
 
9. Principles of debate
 
10. Arabic syntax
 
11. Principles of rhetoric
 
12. Language usage of metaphors
 
13. Science dealing with rhetoric
 
14. Logic
 
15. Debates
 
16. Philosophy and politics
 
17. Rhetoric devices
 
18. Physics
 
19. Mathematics
 
20. Physical engineering
 
In the book, "Al Ijaazatul Mutay'yanah" on page 22, Ala Hazrat has said the following in connection with the above mentioned 20 branches of knowledge. He says, "I learnt these 20 branches of knowledge, personally at the feet of my father".
 
Other branches of knowledge were attained from various Ulema

RhythM_of_RaiN

Re: Great Sufi Saint
« Reply #24 on: December 13, 2011, 01:16:10 PM »
0
He learnt Quranic recitation, correct recitation with Tajweed, mysticism, mystical initiation, Islamic ethics, names of narrators of Ahadith, biography of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w), Islamic history, in-depth study of Arabic and literature.
 
Ala Hazrat states: "these ten branches of knowledge, I achieved at the feet of the following teachers: Shah Ale Rasul Mahrahrewi, Mawlana Naqi Ali Khan, Sheikh Ahmed Bin Zain Dahlaan Makki, Sheikh Abdur Rahman Makki, Sheikh Hussain Bin Saleh Makki, Shah Abul Hassan Ahmed Noori (Alaihimur Rahmah)."
 
Branches of knowledge attained without the assistance of any teacher:
Ala Hazrat learnt arithmetic, algebra, the twelve branches of mathematics, modern astronomy, science of inheritance, science of prosody, astrology, science of history, prose in Hindi, prose in Persian, in-depth study of Arabic and in-depth study of plain Persian writing.
 
When Ala Hazrat was questioned about his amazing capabilities in solving intricate and confusing mathematical theories, and as to who his mentor was, he replied, "I did not have a teacher in this field. Whatever you see, I achieved within the four walls of my room. This is indeed through the grace of Sayyiduna Rasulallah (s.a.w)." (Al Mizaan, page 342)
 
The above are merely a few branches of knowledge, in which Ala Hazrat reached such great heights of proficiency that he was considered to be the inventor of that branch of knowledge! An example of this is to found in his book, "Ar Raudal Baheej fi Adaabut Takhreej", dealing with the Principles of Chronomatic Recording of Ahadith.
 
Commenting on this, the famous Historian, Mawlana Rahman Ali, (M.P. Madya Pradesh) states, "If there are no books to be found on the subject of Chronomatic Recording of Ahadith, then Ala Hazrat can be considered to be the very inventor of this branch of knowledge". (Tazkerah Ulema-e-Hind, page 17)
 
 
ACADEMIC SERVICES:
 
Proficiency in over fifty branches of knowledge
 
If we study the life of Ala Hazrat (R.A), we will discover that his proficiency in various subjects total over fifty-four branches of knowledge. Is it possible today, to find an Islamic scholar or even a non-Muslim professor, scientist, educationist or a Nobel Prize owner who possesses such qualifications?
Arab Scholars like Sheikh Ismail bin Khalil and Sheikh Musa Ali Shami (R.A) commended Ala Hazrat as the Revivalist of the 14th Century A.H.: "if he is called the revivalist of this century (Mujaddid), it will be right and true."
 
Commenting on Ala Hazrat’s reputation and his knowledge, Dr Jamil Jalibi, Vice Chancellor, Karachi University (Pakistan) said: "Mawlana Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi was an eminent jurist, leading scholar, scientist, Naa'tia poet, a keen observer of Shariah and a Saint. His crowning scholarship can be imagined by the fact that he had commanding knowledge of about 54 branches of various sciences and humanities. He has contributed valuable works in almost all of them. He left behind more than a thousand treatises."
 
Professor Dr Wahid Ashraf, Baroda University, in Baroda said: "There is no shortage of renowned personalities in the history of Islam who made rich contributions to various fields of knowledge through their divine-gifted qualities of learning, wisdom and insight. Ibn Sina, Umar Khayyam, Imam Razi, Imam Ghazzali, Al Beruni, Farabi and Ibn Rushd are a few rich names that shall always be remembered with pride. Among them, some are renowned for Philosophy and Medicine, some other famous for Mathematics, another in Astrology, another is known for Moral Philosophy, and another is an expert in Greek beliefs etc., but the most outstanding personality was born in India and passed away in the present century. He was Ahmed Raza Barelvi who enjoyed such a command in various branches of knowledge that only experts of the special faculty can discuss fully and successfully."
 
Translation and commentary of the Holy Qur’an
 
Many people have translated the Holy Qur’an into the Urdu language, but the translation of the Holy Qur’an presented by Ala Hazrat - called "Kanzul Imaan" - is proven to be the most unique translation in the Urdu language. In his translation one sees that Ala Hazrat used only those words in his translation that are worthy for the Attributes and Qualities of Almighty Allah and of His Beloved Rasul (s.a.w).
 
It is said that the translation of the Holy Qur’an by Ala Hazrat, Kanzul Imaan, is not merely a literal translation, but is also the commentary of the Holy Qur’an. In the words of Hazrat Sayyiduna Muhaddith-e-Azam Hind (R.A), "it is not only the translation of the Qur’an, it is the Qur’an."
 
We have taken just one example of a Verse from the Holy Qur’an that has been translated by various persons and compared it with the beautiful translation of Ala Hazrat (R.A). We have taken Surah 93, Verse 7 as an example:
 
(1) "And He found you lost on the way and He guided thee."
 
Translation by Mohammad Asad
 
(2) "And found thee groping so He showed the way."
 
Translation by Mohammed Ali Lahori Qadiani
 
(3) "And He found you uninformed of Islamic laws so He told you the way of Islamic laws."
 
Translation by Ashraf Ali Thanwi
 
(4) "Did He not find thee erring and guide thee."
 
Translation by Arberry
 
(5) "And saw you unaware of the way so showed you the straight way."
 
Translation by Fatheh Muhammad Jalledhri
 
(6) "And He found thee wandering and He gave thee guidance."
 
Translation by Yusuf Ali
 
Now that we have examined six different translations of Surah 93, Verse 7, let us examine the difference and the uniqueness of the translation of Sayyiduna Ala Hazrat (R.A):
"and He found you drowned in his love therefore gave way unto Him."
 
Look at the uniqueness and the cautiousness that is present in this translation of Imam Ahmed Raza Khan (R.A)! He abstained from using those words that may cause any disrespect to the dignity and personality of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w).
 

RhythM_of_RaiN

Re: Great Sufi Saint
« Reply #25 on: December 13, 2011, 01:17:13 PM »
0
Due to the vast amount of time Ala Hazrat spent in compiling books on Fiqh and various other topics, it was not possible for him to compile a complete commentary of the Holy Qur’an. However, a few learned scholars have stated that if all the books of Ala Hazrat have to be brought together then there is a great possibility that a complete commentary of the Holy Qur’an may be compiled. Like his translation of the Holy Qur’an, they have said that his Tafseer would also be exceptional.
 
Commenting only on the "Bismillahir Rahman nir Rahim", Ala Hazrat presented such a lengthy lecture on this simple phrase that it was compiled into a complete book and published under the title, "Al Miladun Nabawiya."
 
Once, during the Urs Sharif of Hazrat Mawlana Shah Abdul Qadir Sahib (R.A), Ala Hazrat delivered a lecture on Surah Wad-Duha from 9 am in the morning right till 3 pm in the afternoon!
This lecture on Surah Wad-Duha alone lasted for 6 hours. After completing his lecture, Ala Hazrat said, "I only wrote 80 percent of the commentary on this Surah and had to leave it aside. Where is there enough time to write the Tafseer of the entire Qur’an-e-Azeem!"
 
Allamah Ata Muhammad Bandayalwi (R.A), Sarghoda (Pakistan) said, "Hazrat Barelvi has written about a thousand treatises. He exhaustively dealt with every topic he touched, but his most glorious work is his Urdu translation and explanation of the Holy Qur’an entitled, 'Kanzul Imaan'. Indeed, there is no parallel.
Real worth of this monumental work can be evaluated by only those scholars who possess vast and deep knowledge of various other translations and explanations of high standard in Urdu. Ala Hazrat kept the same pattern as adopted by the renown writers, but he excelled in the explanation and expansion of the most difficult and complicated subject matter in relatively few simple words."
 
Authority in the field of Ahadith
 
Imam Ahmed Raza Khan was also a great authority of his time when it came to the subjects of Ahadith and Usool-e-Ahadith. He knew the names of almost every Hadith narrator. When he was questioned concerning details of a certain narrator, he was able to give a complete biography of the narrator. When he studied any Hadith, he was able to explain the type of Hadith, it's benefits and the reasons behind that Hadith. He wrote many booklets on the topic of Ahadith. One of his books is entitled, "Hajizul Jarain An Jamma Bainas Salaatain," which covered the Ahadith pertaining to "Jamma Bainas Salaatain" or the "Combination of Two Salahs in one time."
 
Dr Professor Mohiuddin, Azhar University, Cairo (Egypt) said, "Renowned scholar, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan, visited Arabia twice to perform Hajj at Makkah and paid homage to the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) at Madinah. During his stay, he visited various centres of learning and had extensive exchange of views with the scholars covering various branches of learning and religious issues. He secured permission from some authentics to quote them in reference to particular Ahadith, and in return, he allowed them to mention his authority in respect of some other Ahadith.
 
"It is an old saying that scholarly talent and poetic exuberance rarely combine in one person, but Imam Ahmad Raza Khan was an exception. His achievements contradict this diction. He was not only an acknowledged research scholar, but also a great poet."
 
A great jurist of his time
 
Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence) is that branch of knowledge that is derived from the Holy Qur’an and the Ahadith of Sayyiduna Rasulallah (s.a.w). Only that person can be a proper Jurist who is well versed in both the Holy Qur’an and the Ahadith of Rasulallah (s.a.w). He must also be well versed in all the other important branches of knowledge, such as Tafseer, Logic, Philosophy, Translating and many other branches.
 
Sayyiduna Ala Hazrat was regarded as the greatest Jurist of his era. He was totally proficient in the field of Fiqh and received acceptance by the great Ulema of the East and the West.
The greatest proof of his position and status in the world of Fiqh can be understood from his answers concerning the Shariat-e-Mustafa (s.a.w), which was compiled into 12 large volumes, comprising of approximately 12 000 pages to form the famous book, "Fatwa Radawiyyah," which is used in every Darul Ifta (Fatwah Departments) around the world today.
 
A renowned theologian and a great Saint of Delhi, Hazrat Mawlana Zayd Abul Hassan Faruqi (R.A), who completed his education at the Al Azhar University, Cairo, acknowledged the unrivalled mastery of Imam Ahmed Raza Khan over Islamic Jurisprudence and other branches of learning in the following words, "None can deny the knowledge of Mawlana Ahmed Raza Khan in the field of Fiqh. He was, no doubt, the greatest Faqih (Jurist) of his time."
 
When Sheikh Ismail Khalil, the Curator of the Library at Makkatul Mukarramah, read the Fatwas of Sayyiduna Ala Hazrat he was puffed up with joy and wrote to Ala Hazrat (R.A), "By Allah, if Imam Abu Hanifa Nu'man would have gone through these Fatwa, undoubtedly, it could have been his heart's delight and granted its writer among his pupils."
 
Imam Ahmed Raza’s I'lm-e-Jafar
 
"I'lm-e-Jafar" refers to "The Knowledge and the Art of Prediction."
Not all persons are blessed with such knowledge by Almighty Allah. It is a speciality for the Awliyah Allah, and Ala Hazrat too was blessed with the gift of I'lm-e-Jafar.
 
Once, a certain person asked Ala Hazrat concerning the approach of Qiyamah and the arrival of Imam Mahdi in the future. Ala Hazrat said that Almighty Allah knows of this and His beloved Rasul (s.a.w) is also aware of this fact. After saying this, Ala Hazrat substantiated these facts by quoting many verses of the Holy Qur’an and Ahadith of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w).
Ala Hazrat then said, "Through a certain type of knowledge, I feel that there is a possibility that in 1837 Hijra there will be no Islamic government left, and in 1900 Hijra Imam Mahdi will appear."
After hearing this answer, someone asked Ala Hazrat if he had gained this answer through I'lm-e-Jafar. He replied that he did. Ala Hazrat then said very sarcastically, "Eat the mangoes. Do not count the trees."
 
There was a King of Rampur whose wife was very sick. He loved her very much and was very attached to her. This King, who was a ‘Badd Mazhabi’ (one who does not follow the religion properly), sent a messenger to Barelvi Sharif with a special request. He requested Ala Hazrat to predict the time and place of the death of his wife. The King's wife was, at that moment, not at her house in Rampur, but she was in a place called Nainital. Ala Hazrat told the messenger to tell the King that his wife would die in Rampur in the month of Muharram. When the messenger returned to the King, he gave him the message of Ala Hazrat (R.A).

RhythM_of_RaiN

Re: Great Sufi Saint
« Reply #26 on: December 13, 2011, 01:18:09 PM »
0
With this message of Ala Hazrat at the back of his mind, the King tried very hard to keep his wife away from Rampur. He did not want her to be in any way near Rampur.
 
It so happened that rioting broke out in Rampur. It concerned the affairs of the Kanpur Shaheed Ganj Masjid. The Governor summoned the King to meet with him urgently in Rampur. The King decided to go on his own, but his wife insisted on joining him. As soon as they reached Rampur, the King's wife suddenly died. It was also the month of Muharram. The prediction of Ala Hazrat proved to be true!
 
His knowledge of Philosophy and Science
 
Imam Ahmed Raza Khan was a great Scientist and Philosopher. He understood Science and Philosophy better than anyone in his time. He was a master of Ancient and Modern Sciences.
 
He proved through research that various concepts of the modern day science are illogical and against the theories of the Holy Qur’an and the Ahadith.
 
Ala Hazrat wrote many books on Science and Physics. One of his famous books, "Fauze Mubeen Dar Harkate Zameen," using the Holy Qur’an as its guidelines, proves that the earth is not rotating but is stationary. He also proves that the entire Universe is revolving around the earth. Modern theories believe that the earth is rotating on its axis and that all the planets, including the earth, are revolving around the sun. Ala Hazrat also disproved the theories of Scientist such as Galileo Galilei and Sir Isaac Newton.
Even today, many people in the Western world regard Sayyiduna Ala Hazrat as the "neglected genius of the east."
 
Knowledge of Astronomy and Astrology
 
Ala Hazrat gained great expertise in the field of Astronomy and Astrology.
 
There was a person by the name of Mawlana Ghulam Hussain Sahib, who used to regard himself as an authority in Astrology.
Once, Mawlana Ghulam Hussain Sahib visited Ala Hazrat (R.A). Ala Hazrat asked him, "So! What is the situation of the rain?" After working out the position of the stars, Mawlana Ghulam Sahib drew-up an astronomical table and said,” In this month there will be no rain. It will only rain in the following month." Mawlana Sahib then handed over the astronomical table to Ala Hazrat (R.A).
Ala Hazrat examined it and said, "All the Power is by Allah. If He pleases, then it may rain now." Mawlana Ghulam Hussain then said, "Are you not observing the astronomical table?" Ala Hazrat said, "I am observing everything."
 
Ala Hazrat then looked towards the clock and asked, "What time is it?" Mawlana Ghulam Hussain said, "Quarter past eleven." Sayyiduna Ala Hazrat said, "That means that there is three quarters of an hour left for twelve o' clock." Saying this, Ala Hazrat walked up to the grandfather clock that was in the room. With his finger, he moved the big needle of the clock until it was on the twelve, thus showing twelve o'clock. The clock began to chime. Ala Hazrat then said, "You said that it would take three quarters of an hour for the needle to come to twelve o' clock." The Mawlana Sahib replied, "But you were responsible for altering the position of the needle."
 
On hearing this, Ala Hazrat said, "Almighty Allah is All Powerful and He may alter the position of the stars whenever he wishes."
 
Ala Hazrat had not yet completed his sentence when it began to rain uncontrollably.
 
A Mathematical Genius
 
Ala Hazrat was also a great Mathematician. He used to solve the most difficult mathematical problems in a short space of time. His authority in the field of Mathematics will leave modern-day Mathematicians in complete awe. Algebra, Geometry, Calculus, Logarithms, and other branches of Mathematics which are normally handled with great difficulty even by mathematic students today, was like ordinary addition and subtraction to Imam Ala Hazrat (R.A)!
 
Once, Sir Zia uddin, a famous Mathematician, was in a predicament with regards to part of his research in the mathematical field. He had to go to Berlin in Germany to seek a solution to this intricate problem. It so happened, that a certain Mawlana from the famous Aligarh University advised Sir Zia uddin to visit Ala Hazrat to seek a solution for his mathematical problem. But, Sir Zia uddin, sounding very unconvinced, said, "What will an ordinary Mawlana like Mawlana Ahmed Raza be able to solve? He hasn't even gone out of his city to gain knowledge, so it is obvious that his knowledge is very limited."
Nevertheless, after some convincing, he agreed to visit Ala Hazrat (R.A).
 
When he arrived in Barelvi Sharif, he immediately went to Ala Hazrat (R.A). Presenting the intricate mathematical problem to Ala Hazrat he said, "I am now going to Germany. I will come back for the answer, that is, if you do manage to solve it." As he was speaking, Ala Hazrat was busy writing and listening to him at the same time. As Sir Zia uddin was about to leave, Ala Hazrat handed him a sheet of paper. When Sir Zia uddin read what was written on this paper, he realised that it contained the solution to the mathematical problem that had him so confused. Sir Zia uddin then said, "today I believe that there is something known as I'lm-e-Laduni (inspired knowledge)."
 
Sir Zia uddin, was later recorded to have said about Ala Hazrat (R.A), "He was an un-assuming man of pleasant manners and morals, had deep insight in Mathematics, although he was not formerly educated by a teacher. It was an inner divine-gifted inherent knowledge. My query pertained to a theory of knotting problems of Mathematics, but his manner and explanation was spontaneous as if he had already carried out a research in it. Now there is nobody so well versed in all of India. Such a great scholar, I think, there is none. Allah has bestowed upon him such a knowledge that is amazing. His insight in the fields of Mathematics, Euclid, Algebra and Timings is astonishing. A mathematical problem that I could not solve despite my best efforts, this learned genius explained in a few moments."
 
Contribution to the field of Poetry
 
Imam Ahmed Raza Khan spent much of his valuable time writing Poetry. His Poetry mostly consisted of Naat Sharif in praise of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) and Manqabats. In all the Naat Sharif written by Ala Hazrat (R.A), it is evident that his heart and soul was drowned in the love of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w).
 
His Naats were written within the boundaries of the Shariah, and every stanza was filled with pearls of ‘Ilhaam’.
(‘Ilhaam’ is that, which is inspired by Almighty Allah into the hearts of the Awliyah Allah. Just as the Ambiya receive ‘Wahi’ or Revelation, so do the Awliyah receive ‘Ilhaam’.)
Each verse and stanza of his Poetry is the Tafseer (commentary) of the Holy Qur’an and the Hadith of Sayyiduna Rasulallah (s.a.w). His Poetry was mainly in the Arabic, Urdu, and Persian languages.
 
Ala Hazrat’s Poetry was compiled to form the famous, "Hadaiq e Bakshish," (Gardens of Forgiveness).
This famous and most beautiful Naat Kitaab is used throughout the world. Ala Hazrat’s humble compilations are read by all who wish to express their love for Sayyiduna Rasulallah (s.a.w).
 
Mawlana Qari Noorul Hassan, quotes the following stanzas from Ala Hazrat’s Poetry:
 
"Mulke Sukhan Ki Shahi Tum Ko Raza Musallam
Jis Simt Aagaye ho sikhe Bithaa diye hai"

and says that there are many illiterate and ignorant people, who look at the above stanzas and accuse Ala Hazrat of praising himself in his Poetry. This, he says, is not true and is merely a baseless objection. He further explains:
 
Hazrat Hassan Raza Khan (R.A), the younger brother of Sayyiduna Ala Hazrat (R.A), would often send his own Poetry to be corrected to Janaab Daagh Delhwi, who was a famous and distinguished Poet of his time.
One day, as he was about to leave for Delhi, Ala Hazrat presented one of his Naats to Hazrat Hassan Raza Khan and said, "Ask Daagh Delhwi to rectify this Qalaam." The Naat, which Ala Hazrat sent, begins with the following stanza:
 
" Unki mehek ne dil ke ghunche kila diye He
Jis raah chal diye he, kooche basa diye he."
 
When Hazrat Hassan Raza Khan reached Delhi and presented the Naat to Daagh Delwhi, he looked at it and said, "This does not seem like the poetry of Mawlana Hassan Raza Khan. Whose is it?" Hazrat Hassan Raza Khan replied that it was written by Ala Hazrat (R.A).
On hearing this, Daagh Delhwi said, "you have brought the Qalaam of Ala Hazrat to me for correction! This is the Qalaam of such a poet who holds no place for any corrections. But, since it is incomplete, I would like to write the final verse from my side. Please ask Ala Hazrat not to change it as I am aware that he does not like anything written in his praise."
 
After saying this, he wrote the verse:
 
"Mulke Sukhan Ki Shahi Tum Ko Raza Musallam
Jis Simt Aagaye ho sikhe Bithaa diye hai"
 
So, to those who accuse Ala Hazrat of praising himself in his Poetry, they will find sufficient evidence to prove that it was Daagh Delhwi who inserted that stanza and not Ala Hazrat (R.A) himself!
 
Commenting on one of Ala Hazrat’s poems, Allamah Sayyid Muhammad Muhaddith Kichauchawi said, "Once I had the opportunity of reciting the Qasida-e-Me'rajia (a poem of Ala Hazrat regarding the Holy Prophet (s.a.w)'s Me'raj) in my own style, in a select gathering of men of letters (highly educated men) at Lucknow. I then asked them about the literary worth of the poem. Everybody was overwhelmed and they all exclaimed that the language is superb, pure and divine."
 
SPIRITUAL LIFE OF ALA HAZRAT:
 
Bayt and Khilafat
 
In the year 1294 A.H., at the age of 22 years, Sayyiduna Ala Hazrat became the Mureed (disciple) of Imamul Asfiya, Sayyiduna Shah Aale Rasul Mahrerwi (R.A).

The incident surrounding the Bayt (spiritual allegiance) and Khilafat (spiritual successorship) of Ala Hazrat is as follows:
 
Once Hazrat Mawlana Abdul Qadir Badayouni came to Barelvi Sharif. He invited Ala Hazrat to go to Mahrera Sharif with him. Sayyiduna Ala Hazrat accepted his invitation and they both set off to Mahrera Sharif. When they arrived at the station in Mahrera Sharif, Ala Hazrat said, "I am receiving the scent of my Murshid."
 
When they reached the Khanqah-e-Barakaati and entered, Sayyiduna Shah Aale Rasul saw Ala Hazrat and said, "come in. I have been awaiting your presence for a long time."
 
Sayyiduna Shah Aale Rasul immediately made Ala Hazrat a Mureed, and then blessed him with Khilafat and Ijazat in all the Sufi Silsilas. Thus, Ala Hazrat’s Peer-o-Murshid (spiritual guide) was Hazrat Sayyiduna Shah Aale Rasul (R.A).
 
Hazrat Sayyiduna Abul Hussain Noori Barakaati (R.A), who was also the Peer-o-Murshid of Mawlana Mustafa Raza Khan (R.A), was also present in this spiritual gathering. He was also a great Awliyah Allah and needed no introduction to Sayyiduna Ala Hazrat (R.A).
For the benefit of the others who were present, and to make them aware of the exalted calibre and status of Ala Hazrat (R.A), he asked Hazrat Sayyiduna Shah Aale Rasul a question.
He asked, "Huzoor! The ritual here at Mahrera Sharif is that if any person comes here, and after becoming Mureed desires to gain Khilafat and Ijazat, then we ask him to perform Mujahida (struggle in the path of Allah). We also give him dried bread to eat as part of his spiritual training. After this, if we find him worthy enough, then we grant him Khilafat and Ijazat in one or two Silsilas, but you have blessed this young man with Khilafat and Ijazat of all the Silsilas, and even commanded him to look at and verify all the Kitaabs which you have written. Why is this so?"
 
Sayyiduna Shah Aale Rasul answered with the following words: "O people! You do not know Ahmed Raza. Others who come here need to be prepared before gaining Ijazat and Khilafat. But Ahmed Raza Khan has come prepared from Almighty Allah. All he needed was a link and this is why I made him my Mureed.
 
I always feared, due to the fear of Almighty Allah, that if on the day of Qiyamah He questioned me concerning what I had brought for him from the world, I would have no answer. But today, that fear no longer exists. If on the day of Qiyamah the Almighty asks, 'O Aale Rasul! What have you brought for me?' then, I will immediately present Imam Ahmed Raza Khan to my Creator."
 
This highly spiritual incident alone explains the status of Ala Hazrat, Azeemul Barkat, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan (R.A).
 
Ala Hazrat possessed immense love for his Pir-o-Murshid and for their family members. He also displayed his love for all those who had contact with them and respected them. Whenever Ala Hazrat went to Mahrera Sharif to gain blessings from his Pir-o-Murshid, he would remove his shoes at the station and walk bare feet in Mahrera Sharif!
Whenever any person or representative from Mahrera Sharif arrived in Barelvi Sharif to deliver a letter or parcel to Ala Hazrat (R.A), he would treat that person with great respect and dignity. He addressed the person with words of respect, such as, "Most Respected Representative" and would not allow that person to leave without giving him something to eat. Ala Hazrat would personally go into the house to bring out food for that person. He even used to carry the dish or plate of food on his head!
 
If this is the respect that Ala Hazrat showed towards the representatives of his Pir-o-Murshid and his family, one cannot imagine or fathom the respect, which he showed towards them personally!
 
Imam Ahmed Raza's Mureeds and Khulafa
 
There were many Mureeds (disciples) and Khulafa (spiritual successors) of Ala Hazrat (R.A). They have spread far and wide over Indo-Pak and also in all parts of the world. Nearly 35 are in the other parts of the world and 30 in Indo-Pak sub-continent.

These are the leading ones:
 
1. Hujjatul Islam, Hazrat Allamah Mawlana Muhammad Hamid Raza Khan Noori Barakaati (R.A)
 
2. Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind, Hazrat Mawlana Mustafa Raza Khan Noori Barakaati (R.A)
 
3. Hazrat Allamah Mawlana Abdus Salaam Jabalpuri (R.A)
 
4. Sadrul-Afaadil, Hazrat Allamah Mawlana Na'eemuddeen Muraadabadi (R.A)
 
5. Malikul Ulema, Hazrat Allamah Mawlana Sayyid Zafar'uddeen Bihaari (R.A)
 
6. Mubbalig-e-Azam, Hazrat Allamah Mawlana Abdul Aleem Siddique (R.A)
 
7. Sadrus Shariah, Hazrat Allamah Mawlana Mufti Amjad Ali (R.A)
 
8. Qutbul Madinatul Munawwara, Hazrat Allamah Sheikh Zia'uddeen Ahmed Al Madani (R.A)
 
9. Burhaan-e-Millat, Hazrat Allamah Burhaanul Haq (R.A)
 
10. Hazrat Allamah Mawlana Mukhtar Ahmad Siddiqi Meerati (R.A)
 
11. Sheikh Muhammad Abd al-Hayy (R.A)
 
12. Sheikh Ahmad Khalil (R.A)
 
13. Sheikh Ahmad Khudravi (R.A)
 
14. Sheikh Muhammad bin Abi Bakr (R.A)
 
15. Sheikh Muhammad Sa'id (R.A)

16. Hazrat Mawlana Sayyid Ahmad Ashraf (R.A)
 
17. Hazrat Mawlana Shah Sulayman Ashraf
 

RhythM_of_RaiN

Re: Great Sufi Saint
« Reply #27 on: December 13, 2011, 01:19:25 PM »
0
Imam Ahmed Raza's First Hajj
 
Imagine the condition of that Lover of the Prophet (or Aashiq-e-Rasul (s.a.w)) who is blessed with the opportunity of visiting the Rawza-e-Aqdas of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w), and placing his eyes on the doorstep of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w).
This opportunity of performing his first Hajj and Ziyarat was granted to Ala Hazrat on the 26th of Shawwal 1295 A.H (1876). He was 20 years of age.
 
One day, after completing his Hajj, he went to perform his Maghrib Salah before the Maqaam-e-Ibrahim. Having completed his Salah, the Imam of the Shafi order of Makkatul Mukarramah, Allamah Hussain bin Saleh Kamaal (R.A), approached him. He clutched Ala Hazrat by his hand and led him to his house. The Imam then placed his hand on the blessed forehead of Ala Hazrat and said, "Verily, I am observing the Noor of Almighty Allah on this forehead."
 
Without hesitation, he blessed Ala Hazrat with the Sanad (certificate) of Sahih Sitta (six Compilers of Hadith: Bukhari, Muslim, Ibn Majah, Abu Dawood, Tirmizi and Nisa'i).
He also began addressing Ala Hazrat by the title of "Zia’uddin" or "the Light & Splendour of Religion."
 
Ala Hazrat was also blessed with the Sanads of Ahadith from the Muftis of the Hanafi order in Makkatul Mukarramah, Sayyiduna Allamah Abdur Rahmaan Siraaj and Mufti Sheikh Sayed Ahmad Dahlaan Shafi (R.A).
 
It was also during this historical visit that Sayyiduna Ala Hazrat informed the Ulema-e-Haramain Sharifain concerning the blasphemous and corrupt beliefs of the Ulema-e-Deoband.
Having studied Ala Hazrat’sbooks, "Aljaamu Sunnah Li Ahli Fitna" and "Al Mu'tamadul Mustanad", which he presented to them, they also gave their verdicts on those who committed blasphemy and those who had written words of disrespect against Almighty Allah and His Beloved Rasul (s.a.w).
The verdicts of the Ulema of Makkatul Mukarramah and Madinatul Munawwarah were compiled to form the famous, "Husaamul Haramain."
 
Imam Ahmed Raza's Second Hajj
 
Imam Ahmed Raza Khan performed his second Hajj in 1323 A.H. (1905). He was 49 years old.
 
On the 25th of Zil-Hajj, Sayyiduna Ala Hazrat once again had the opportunity of meeting the great Imam, Sheikh Saleh Kamaal (R.A). He also met Allamah Sayed Ismail and many other Noble Ulema, who showed great respect towards him.
 
It was on this occasion that Allamah Sheikh Saleh Kamaal presented Ala Hazrat with five questions pertaining to I'lm-e-Ghaib (Knowledge of the Unseen). These questions were posed on behalf of the Wahabi Ulema of Makkatul Mukarramah.
Ala Hazrat had to answer these five questions in two days.
 
In so happened that on the following day, Ala Hazrat contracted a heavy fever. In spite of his illness, he managed to answer all the questions relating to Ilm-e-Ghaib.
In fact, Ala Hazrat presented such a detailed answer to the question of Ilm-e-Ghaib that it turned out to be a complete book on its own. He named this book, "Al Dawlatul Makkiyah Bil Maadatil Ghaibiya."
 
The learned Ulema of Haramain Sharifain were totally astounded when Ala Hazrat presented this book to them on time. He completed this book of approximately 400 pages in only 8 hours.
It was also in the pure Arabic language. If one totals the numerical values of the Arabic letters in the context of this Kitaab, "Al Daulatul Makkiyah Bil Maadatil Ghaibiya," one would discover that they amount to 1323.
It had the same numbers as the year 1323 A.H, in which Ala Hazrat performed his second Hajj!
 
In the Presence of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w)
 
It was during Ala Hazrat’s second visit to the Haramain Sharifain that his aspiration to see the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) became extremely great.
Continuously reciting the Durood Sharif with great veneration and humbleness in front of the Rawza-e-Sharif of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w), he felt confidence within himself of seeing the Holy Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w).
 
It was during the second night of his visit to the doorstep of Sayyiduna Rasulallah (s.a.w) that he was given the opportunity of actually seeing the Blessed Personality of our Beloved Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w).
On that night, Ala Hazrat (R.A), in a state of total submission, lifted his pen and began writing a Naat in praise of Sayyiduna Rasulallah (s.a.w). The first line of that Naat is: "Wo Soo'e La'la Zaar Phirte hai...”
 
The beautiful Naat continues praising the Beloved of Allah (s.a.w) and ends with the following verse:"
Koyi Kyu Pooch teri baat Raza, Tujh se kutte hazaar phirte hai"
 
Here, Ala Hazrat lowers himself in extreme devotion and humility, and addresses himself as the "dog" of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w).
At this point, he was given the opportunity of seeing with his own eyes, the beloved personality of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) standing beside the Rawza Mubarak!
 
"Ar're Ai Raza tere dil ka pata chala ba mushkil
Darre Rawza Ke Muqaabil wo hume Nazar to Aaya
Ye na pooch kaisa paaya, Ye Na pooch kaisa paaya
Tuje humd he khuda ya, Tuje humd he khuda ya"
 
His Love for the Holy Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w)
 
Ala Hazrat spent every moment of his life praising the Holy Prophet (s.a.w). Everything he did was for the Pleasure of Almighty Allah and His Rasul (s.a.w).
 
Professor Dr Abdul Wahid Halepota, Chairman, Council of Islamic Ideology, Government of Pakistan, said: "Ala Hazrat Mawlana Shah Ahmed Raza Khan is that ingenious personality of the Indo-Pak Sub-Continent whose academic position and legal insight has general recognition. His multifarious achievements deserve that they should be spread on an international level. His greatest deed is that he beautified the hearts of the Muslims with the love of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) through his academic wonders, sweet speeches and most valuable Naatya Qalaam (Poetry in praise of the Holy Prophet s.a.w)."
 
Once, Ala Hazrat went into the Raza Masjid in Barelvi Sharif. A Majzoob confronted him, by the name of Hazrat Dhoka Shah (R.A).
The Majzoob said, "O Ahmed Raza! I see the Power of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) only on the earth and not in the skies."
 
Ala Hazrat (R.A), in turn, replied: "The Power of Huzoor (s.a.w) is on the earth and in the skies." The Majzoob said that he could not see this.
 
Ala Hazrat said, "Whether you see it or not, it is still present."
 
The Majzoob, in a highly spiritual state, said, "Go! I have dropped him."
 
At that moment, Mawlana Mustafa Raza Khan (Ala Hazrat’s son), who was still a child, was playing on the roof of the house. When Sayyiduna Ala Hazrat reached the house, the child’s mother came up to him and said, "You should know better than to argue with Majzoobs. Look! Mustafa Raza has fallen off the roof."
Ala Hazrat enquired as to whether his son had been hurt or not. When he was told that he was not injured, he said, "I am prepared to sacrifice a thousand Mustafa Raza’s on the Raza (pleasure) of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w), but I will not allow one word to be uttered against the dignity of Rasul-e-Akram (s.a.w)."
 
After some time, the Majzoob returned and met Sayyiduna Ala Hazrat and said, "o Ahmed Raza! You are victorious. Our case was brought up before Sultaanul-Hind, Hazrat Khwaja Gharib Nawaz (R.A). He had passed the verdict on your behalf, and alhamdulillah, through your blessings, I am now able to see the karam (mercy) of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) even in the skies."
 
It has been recorded that Hazrat Mawlana Naeemuddin Muradabadi once asked Ala Hazrat the reason from him being so severe upon those who disrespected Sayyiduna Rasulallah (s.a.w).
Ala Hazrat replied, "O Mawlana! I am severe upon those people, because instead of insulting Sayyiduna Rasulallah (s.a.w), they should rather make me the target for their insults. I do not have any interest in what they are calling me. At least, while they are busy insulting me, my beloved master, Sayyiduna Rasulallah (s.a.w) is spared from these insults!"
 
The above-mentioned incidents clearly highlight the following thoughts of Imam Ahmed Raza Khan (R.A): "If you desire my life, I will sacrifice it. If you desire my wealth, I will give it. But, there is one thing that I will never sacrifice, and that is the love and reverence for the Beloved, Sayyiduna Rasulallah (s.a.w)."
 
Dr Karrar Hussain, Vice Chancellor, Baluchistan University Quetta (Baluchistan) said: "I am impressed by his personality because it was he who gave pivotal role to the love and affection of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) without which, Islam is a body without a soul."
 
Also commenting on the great love that Ala Hazrat had for Sayyiduna Rasulallah (s.a.w), Justice Shamim Hussain Qadri, Punjab High Court, Lahore (Pakistan), said: "He was a devotee of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) from the deepest chambers of his heart, and to popularise this attitude is the need of the hour. Love, affection and devotion to the Holy Prophet's (s.a.w) personality is the only solution to the multifarious problems of our temporal life and a solution for the life hereafter."
 
Love and Respect for the Descendants of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w)
 
It is Ala Hazrat who showed the Muslim world how to respect the descendants or family of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w). His entire life is filled such with incidents.
 
Many are aware of this famous incident. Once, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan was invited to the home of a certain person. In those days, the Ulema were carried in chariots as a means of transport. Ala Hazrat was sitting in one of these chariots that was carried by the chariot-bearers. As they proceeded along the way, Sayyiduna Ala Hazrat suddenly commanded the chariot-bearers to stop. He immediately alighted from the chariot and asked, "Who is a Sayyed from amongst you? I am receiving the scent of a Sayyed." One of the chariot-bearer's, who was a Sayyed, was too scared to speak. Nevertheless, when Ala Hazrat further prompted that person to reveal himself, he came forward and admitted that he was Sayyed.
 
With tears in his eyes, Ala Hazrat fell at his feet and began asking for pardon. The Sayyed continuously asked Ala Hazrat to refrain from doing so but, Ala Hazrat continued asking for pardon, by saying, "Please forgive me. What would I do on the Day of Qiyamah if the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) asks me concerning this incident, and says to me that I showed disrespect to his family?"
 
The Sayyed readily forgave Ala Hazrat (R.A). But this Aashiq-e-Rasul (s.a.w) was yet not satisfied. He commanded the Sayyed to sit on the chariot, and placing the chariot on his blessed shoulders, carried the Sayyed for the same distance for which he had been carried!
 
Allahu Akbar! Those who had been witnesses to this incident could not believe that the Imam of the Ahle Sunnat wal Jamaat, the Mujaddid of Islam was carrying a chariot-bearer on his blessed shoulders. But to Ala Hazrat (R.A), that person that he was carrying was no ordinary chariot-bearer. It was a family member of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w)!
 
It has also been stated that a child, who was a Sayyed, used to live in the vicinity of Barelvi Sharif. The child used to play in the presence of Ala Hazrat while Ala Hazrat would be busy writing. Each time that the child ran pass the door or came in the presence of Ala Hazrat (R.A), he would stand up in respect for that child. Even when the child passed the door ten times in a day, then Ala Hazrat used to stand up tens times in a day in respect for that Sayyed child.
 
When Imam Ahmed Raza Khan was asked about the Islamic punishment that was to be meted out to a Sayyed, he remarked, "Even though a Judge is called upon to declare judgement and punishment upon a Sayyed, and the penalty that he has decreed is within the tenets of Islam, he (the Judge), should not have the Niyah (intention) that he is punishing the Sayyed. Rather, he should think that a small amount of mud has smeared itself on the Sayyed's feet, which he is merely washing away". (Al Malfooz Sharif)
 
Imam Ahmed Raza's adherence to the Sunnah
 
Imam Ahmed Raza Khan laid great emphasis on following the Sunnah of Sayyiduna Rasulallah (s.a.w).
 
The following account clearly describes Ala Hazrat’s great trust and faith upon the Sunnah.
Ala Hazrat narrates, "There was once a rumour in Barelvi, that the Plague had appeared. Coincidently, at that moment, my gums became extremely inflamed. It continued to such proportions that it became difficult for me to open my mouth. I also had a high fever, coupled with inflamed glands. The doctor who was called, looked at me closely for a few minutes. He exclaimed that I had the Plague. I could not speak at that moment, or else I could have told him that his diagnosis was incorrect and false.
 
"I was certain that I did not have the Plague or any other major disease, simply because I had already recited a Dua as explained by Sayyiduna Rasulallah (s.a.w) who said that if one sees a serious and deadly illness, he should recite the following Dua, which would protect the person from such an illness. I had, therefore, recited this dua: 'Alhamdulillahil lazi aafini mim mab tilaaka bihi wa fad dalni 'ala katheeram mimam khalaqa tafdeelan.'
Whenever I saw a serious illness, including the Plague, I recited this Dua therefore I was protected against it.”
 
Ala Hazrat continues: "Thereafter, with extreme respect, I proclaimed, 'O Allah! Prove that the words of your Beloved Habib (s.a.w) is true, and that the words of the doctor is false'.
At that moment, a voice on my right advised me to use the Miswaak and black pepper. With a little difficulty, I performed brushing with the Miswaak and kept the black pepper on my tongue as a tablet. Infinite, indeed, is the Mercy of Almighty Allah! Within a few minutes, I had gained my strength and sent the doctor away by proving that his diagnosis was false and baseless."
 
A similar incident, showing the great trust that Ala Hazrat had in Almighty Allah and His beloved Habib (s.a.w), is recorded by Mawlana Mohammed Sharif.
He says, "Once, when Ala Hazrat was returning from Hajj by ship with his father, there was a great storm. The storm reached such intensity that the Captain advised the passengers to wear their kafans (shrouds), for he could see no escape from such a storm. Ala Hazrat (R.A), noticing the concern on the face of his father, inquired as to what had transpired. His father replied, 'My beloved son, I have no concern for myself, rather it is for you that I am sad'. The young Ala Hazrat replied, 'O father! If the captain has lost hope then let him do so. We should have complete faith in Allah and His Beloved Habib, Sayyiduna Rasulallah (s.a.w). In accordance with the commands of the Beloved Habib (s.a.w), when entering this ship, I recited the Dua: 'Subhaanallazi sakh khara lana haaza wa maa kunna lahu muqrineen wa inna ila Rabbina la mun qalibun'.

Sayyiduna Rasulallah (s.a.w) has stated that, 'Whosoever, recites this Dua when entering a ship (any mode of transport), that ship would not be destroyed. Therefore, I have absolute certainty that generations may change, yet, this ship would never sink'."
 
Ala Hazrat had merely spoken these words, when the Captain arrived and began informing the passengers that the storm is subsiding and that there was no need for concern!

RhythM_of_RaiN

Re: Great Sufi Saint
« Reply #28 on: December 13, 2011, 01:20:23 PM »
0
Love for Sayyiduna Ghawsul Azam (R.A)
 
Imam Ahmed Raza Khan possessed immense love for Sayyiduna Ghawsul Azam, Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani Baghdadi (R.A).
 
Hazrat Muhaddith-e-Azam Hind reported that in the period when he was given permission to serve in the Darul Ifta at Barelvi Sharif, Ala Hazrat bought sweets (Niyaaz) to the value of 11 Rupees and made the Fatiha of Sayyiduna Ghawsul Azam (R.A). He then distributed the sweets to those who were present. While the sweets were being distributed, those who were present became astonished to see Ala Hazrat standing up from his chair and kneeling down on to the floor in the Sajda position. They immediately came closer to him too see what had happened. Then only did they realise that the person distributing the Niyaaz had dropped a little on the ground, and Ala Hazrat was lifting this piece of Niyaaz with the tip of his blessed tongue!
 
This alone shows the great amount of love and respect that Ala Hazrat possessed for Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani (R.A). It has been stated that Ala Hazrat was not only the Na'ib (Helper) of Sayyiduna Ghawsul Azam (R.A), but he was also the Ghawsul Azam of his time. He wrote many Manqabats in praise of Hazrat Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani (R.A).
 
His Contentment and Abstention from Worldly Activities
 
It is recorded that Ala Hazrat had a few acres of land in his possession. Ala Hazrat left the entire maintenance of the land in the responsibility and trust of others. Although Ala Hazrat received a monthly allowance from his own property, he spent his allowance in the service of guests, of Sayyeds and in the purchasing of books.
There were times when Ala Hazrat was left with only a few pennies in his pocket! But he never inquired about the income that he received from his few possessions. (Al Mizaan, page 335)
 
During the Khilafat Movement, Ghandi was advised that he should meet with the distinguished Imam Ahmed Raza Khan (R.A). People such as the Ali Brothers, Mawlana Qiyaamudin and Abdul Baari Faranghi made this suggestion to Ghandi. They said that since Ala Hazrat commanded the respect of the large Muslim populace, it would assist them in their Khilafat Movement.
 
When Ala Hazrat was told that the Ghandi wished to meet and speak to him, he said, "What would he speak about? Religion or worldly affairs? If it is worldly affairs, what can I partake in, for I have abstained from the world and have no interest in it." (Al Mizaan, page 335)
 
SERVICES AS A MUJADDID
 
Imam Ahmed Raza as the Mujaddid of the 14th Century
 
Undoubtedly, besides being recognised as a great Wali, as the Ghawsul Azam and as the Imam Abu Hanifa (R.A) of his time, Ala Hazrat was also the Mujaddid (Reviver) of Islam of the 14th century.
He possessed all the conditions of a Mujaddid and his entire life was spent trying to revive the Deen of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w).
 
A cloud of darkness had covered most of the world and the false concepts of Polytheism (Shirk) and Innovations (Bid'at) were coming into existence. The Muslims were in a state of confusion. They were surrounded by clouds of Kufr (disbelief), Shirk and Bid'at.
It is through the Divine Grace of Almighty Allah and the Sadqah of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) that the Reviver of the 14th Century, Imam-e-Ahle Sunnat Imam Ahmed Raza Khan shone like the sun in this darkness, and with his bright proofs, he destroyed the darkness of Kufr and revived Islam.
 
Professor Manzooruddin Ahmad, Vice Chancellor, University of Karachi said: "The reality is that on reading several books of Imam Ahmed Raza, I have come to the conclusion that through his writings and speeches, the Fatwa (inquisitions) and hundreds of small and bulky treatises, he had struggled for the revival of Islam, and as a reward he was declared as a Mujaddid of his century by the Ulema (scholars of Islam), in particular, the scholars of Makkah and Madinah (Haramain Sharifain)."
 
A Hadith recorded in Mishkaat Sharif and quoted by Sayyiduna Abu Hurairah says that the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) said: "Verily, at the end of every century, Almighty Allah will send such a person to the Ummah, who will revive the Deen for the them (the Ummah)."
 
In other the words, when there comes a period in which there is a shortage of knowledge and a deterioration in following of the Sunnah; when there is an increase in false innovations and ignorance; then Almighty Allah will send a person at the beginning or end of every century who will show the difference between Sunnah and Bid'at. He will refute and destroy false innovations and will fear none but Almighty Allah. He will very bravely and sincerely hoist the flag of Deen-e-Muhammadi (s.a.w). Such a person is known as a "Mujaddid" (Reviver) of Deen.
 
The author of the book, "Siraajum Muneer", has explained who a Mujaddid is in the following words: "In other words, to revive the Deen is to revive those teachings of the Qur’an and Sunnah that are being destroyed and to give command according to the Qur’an and Sunnah."
 
Allamah Munaadi states: “A Mujaddid is one who separates Sunnah from Bid'ah and one who degrades the status of the Ahle Bid'ah."
 
Why does a Mujaddid come after 100 years? A Mujaddid is sent after every 100 years because after every century the surroundings, the environment, the manner of thinking and ways of the people tend to pass through a massive transformation. It has been stated in the Hadith of Bukhari Sharif that during the latter stages of the Prophet's (s.a.w) physical life, one night, after performing Esha Salaah, he stood up and said, "Should I inform you of the importance of this night? From this night onwards, right up to the end of a 100 years, that person who is alive on the earth (presently) will not be alive."
 
Can there be more than one Mujaddid in a century? Yes. There can be more, and there has already been more than one Mujaddid in a century.
In the Hadith, the Arabic word that is used to explain the coming of the Mujaddid is in the singular tense, but according to the meaning, it is a plural as it has been explained in the Kitaabs of Usool-e-Fiqh. Allamah Mullah Ali bin Sultan Qaari who is the Mujaddid of the 11th century says, "From the words, not only one single person is implied, but the implication is towards a group of people, from amongst whom each one is reforming a single type of knowledge or all types of knowledge in his city."
 
A List of Known Mujaddids from the First Century:
 
1st century:
 
a. Sayyiduna Imam Umar bin Abdul Aziz
 
2nd century:
 
a. Imam Hassan Basri,
 
b. Imam Muhammad bin Hassan Shaibani
 
c. Imam Maalik bin Anas
 
d. Imam Abdullah bin Idrees Shafi
 
3rd century:
 
a. Imam Abul Hassan bin Umar,
 
b. Imam Ahmad bin Hambal
 
4th century:
 
a. Imam Tahtaawi,
 
b. Imam Isma'eel bin Hamaad Ja'fari,
 
c. Imam Abu Jaafar bin Jareer Tibri,
 
d. Imam Abu Haatim Raazi
 
5th century:
 
a. Imam Abu Naeem Isfahani,
 
b. Imam Abul Hussain Ahmad bin Muhammad Abi Bakr-il-Qaadir,
 
c. Imam Hussain bin Raaghib,
 
d. Imam Muhammad bin Muhammad Ghazali
 
 
6th century:
 
a. Imam Abul Fadhl Umar Raazi,
 
b. Allamah Imam Umar Nasfi,
 
c. Imam Qaazi Fakhrud'Deen Hassan Mansoor,
 
d. Imam Abu Muhammad Hussain bin Mas'ood Fara'a
 
 
7th century:
 
a. Allamah Imam Abul Fadhl Jamaaluddeen Muhammad bin Afriqi Misri,
 
b. Imam Sheikh Shahbuddin Suharwardi,
 
c. Khwaja Muhi'yuddeen Chishti Ajmeri,
 
d. Imam Abul Hassan Uz'zuddeen Ali bin Muhammad Ibn Atheer,
 
e. Imam Sheikh Akbar Muhi'yuddeen Muhammad ibn Arabi
 
 
8th century:
 
a. Imam Taaj'uddeen bin Ata'ullah Sikandari,
 
b. Khwaja Nizamuddin Awliyah Mahboob-e-Ilahi,
 
c. Imam Umar bin Mas'ood Taftazaani
 
 
9th century:
 
a. Imam Hafiz Jallaluddeen Abu Bakr Abdur Rahmaan Suyuti,
 
b. Imam Nooruddin bin Ahmad Misri,
 
c. Imam Muhammad bin Yusuf Karmani,
 
d. Imam Shamsuddin Abul Kheyr Muhammad bin Abdur Rahmaan Sakhawi,
 
e. Allamah Imam Sayed Sharif Ali bin Muhammad Jarmaani
 
 
10th century:
 
a. Imam Shahabuddin Abu Bakr Ahmad bin Muhammad Khatib Qistalaani,
 
b. Imam Muhammad Sharbini,
 
c. Allamah Sheikh Muhammad Taahir Muhaddith
 
 
11th century:
 
a. Imam Ali bin Sultaan Qaari,
 
b. Imam Sheikh Ahmad Sarhindi Mujaddid-e-Alf Thaani,
 
c. Sultaanul Arifeen Imam Muhammad Baahu
 
 
12th century:
 
a. Allamah Mawlana Imam Abul Hassan Muhammad bin Abdul Haadi Sindhi,
 
b. Imam Abdul Ghani Taablisi,
 
c. Sheikh Ahmad Mullah Jeewan
 
 
13th century:
 
a. Imam Abdul Ali Luckhnowi,
 
b. Imam Sheikh Ahmad Saadi Maaliki,
 
c. Allamah Imam Ahmad bin Ismaeel Tahtaawi,
 
d. Allamah Shah Abdul Azeez Muhaddith-e-Delhwi
 
 
14TH CENTURY:
 
Imam-e-Ahle Sunnah, Qami-e-Bid'at, Mujaddid-e-Azam, Ala Hazrat, Ash Shah Imam Ahmed Raza Khan
 
 
Imam Ahmed Raza's Jihad against the Insulters of Sayyiduna Rasulallah (s.a.w)
 
Sayyiduna Ala Hazrat spent much of his time also refuting those who insulted the dignity of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w). He left no stone unturned in safeguarding the dignity and integrity of Holy Prophet (s.a.w), in spite of being personally attacked by the misguided. These personal attacks did not bother him in the least bit!
 
Allamah Abdul Hamid, Vice Chancellor of Al Jamia Al-Nizamiyya (Hyderbad, India), said: "Mawlana Ahmed Raza Khan was a Sword of Islam and a great commander for the cause of Islam. He may justifiably be called an invincible fort that helped to defend the basic tenets and ideas of the Ahle Sunnah wal Jamaat. It is on accord of his untiring efforts that due respect and regard for the Holy Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) and other Sufis & Saints of Islam is still alive in the Muslim society. His opponents had to mend their ways. No doubt he is the Imam (Leader) of the Ahle Sunnah. His written and compiled works reflect immense depth and vision."
 
Justice Allamah Mufti Sayyid Shuja'at Ali Qadri (R.A), Shariah Court, Government of Pakistan (Islamabad), said: "He was pious like Ahmad bin Hambal and Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani. He had true acumen and insight of Imam Abu Hanifa and Imam Abu Yusuf. He commanded the force of logic like Imam Razi and Imam Ghazali, bold enough like Mujaddid Alf Thaani and Mansoor Hallaj to proclaim the truth. Indeed, he was intolerant to non-believers, kind and sympathetic to devotees, and the affectionates of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w)."
 
The adversaries of Ala Hazrat levelled many accusations and tried desperately in defending their Kufr statements. After much proofs, when it became absolutely clear to Ala Hazrat that certain misguided individuals were not prepared in withdrawing their Kufr statements and making Tawba, in order to protect Islam he passed Kufr Fatwas against those persons.
We should remember that he passed the "Fatwa-e-Takfeer" (Kufr Fatwa) against those persons who insulted the status and dignity of Almighty Allah and His Rasul (s.a.w). He passed the Fatwa-e-Takfeer on persons such as Ashraf Ali Thanwi, Rasheed Ahmed Gangohi and Khalil Ahmad Ambetwi and others because, through their writings, it was evident that they had insulted the Holy Prophet (s.a.w).

RhythM_of_RaiN

Re: Great Sufi Saint
« Reply #29 on: December 13, 2011, 01:23:10 PM »
0
We will quote some of the following blasphemous statements that were made by them:
 
- In page 51 of "Baraahin Qatia", Khalil Ahmed Ambetwi says: "After looking at the condition of Satan and the Angel of Death, it can be gained that they possess a great depth of knowledge and this has been proven from Quran and Ahadith. To prove such knowledge for Fakhre Aalam (Muhammad s.a.w) without proof from the Quran and Ahadith, but from common sense, is a false thought. If, to do so is not a Shirk, then in which category of faith does it fall?"
 
- In page 6 of "Hifzul Imaan", (Printed in Mazahirul Uloom), Ashraf Ali Thanvi says: "If Knowledge of the Unseen refers to partial knowledge, then what speciality is there in Nabi (s.a.w). Such knowledge is possessed by Zaid and Amr (any Tom, Dick and Harry), every child, insane people and all types of animals."
 
- In page 5 of "Tahzeerun Naas", (Published in Makhtaba Fayz Nazd Jami Masjid Deoband), Qasim Nanotwi says: "Prophets are superior to their followers only in Knowledge, but in good deeds, followers sometimes seem equal and occasionally even become superior to them."
 
- In Part 2, page 12 of "Fatwa Rasheedia", (Published Makhtaba Rasheedia Jami Masjid Delhi), Rasheed Ahmed Gangohi says: "The word 'Rahmatul lil A'lameen' is not a speciality of Rasul (s.a.w). But other Prophets, Saints and great Ulema are also cause for mercy unto the worlds, even though Rasul (s.a.w) is the highest of them all. Therefore, to use this word on others, is also permissible."
 
If one examines the original books that were written by such persons, one will find other similar disrespectful statements found in their writings.
 
Sayyiduna Ala Hazrat’s cautiousness in declaring a person a Kafir is to be noted in many of his books. In his book, "Subhaanus Subooh", he academically destroys the arguments of Maulvi Ismail Dehlwi.
Yet, at the end of the book, Ala Hazrat says, "The Ulema have not termed this individual as a Kafir, therefore, one has to be careful."
 
Once again, refuting the arguments of Maulvi Ismail Dehlwi and a few of his "infamous" followers in another book, "Al Kaukabatush Sha'haabiya", Ala Hazrat says: "In our opinion (the opinion of Islam), to term a person a Kafir and to control one's tongue is an act of extreme precaution and analysis."
 
In another treatise entitled, "Sallus Suyooful Hindiya", Ala Hazrat states: "There is indeed a difference between accepting words of Kufr and branding a person a Kafir. We have to be extremely careful. We have to remain silent. If there is the smallest possibility that he is still a Muslim, we should fear terming that person a Kafir."
 
In his book, "Subhaanus Subooh", Sayyiduna Ala Hazrat says, "We do not give any comment on the Kufr of Maulvi Ismail Dehlwi, simply because Sayyiduna Rasulallah (s.a.w) has warned us against terming the Ahle Qibla as Kaafirs. (It is only possible) to term a person a Kafir if his Kufr becomes clear as the sun and the smallest indication does not remain that he is still a Muslim." (Tamheed-e-Imaan, page 42-43)
 
From the above statements, we clearly see how careful Ala Hazrat was in terming a person a Kafir. He was merely fulfilling his duty as a conscientious and responsible Muslim. The fault was indeed of those individuals, who even after being warned, remained steadfast in their own beliefs and words of Kufr.
 
As we have already stated earlier, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan sent many of the blasphemous and insulting statements to the Ulema of Makkatul Mukarramah and Madinatul Munawwarah for clarification. They did not hesitate in passing the Fatwa of Kufr against such people who insulted Almighty Allah and the Holy Prophet (s.a.w).
 
A few Fatwas of the Ulema-e-Haramain Sharifain
 
- First Fatwa:
 
"All Praise is due to Allah, the Master of the Worlds, Who has made the Ulema-e-Shariat-e-Muhammadi (s.a.w) the freshness of this world. By manifesting truth and guidance, and filling cities and heights, and by siding the religion of Sayyidul Mursaleen (s.a.w), they saved the society of Huzoor (s.a.w) from violation and (with their bright proofs) they destroyed the heresy of those who were misled.
 
"After sending praise and salutations, I have seen that which that learned person and professional teacher has purely written. It is a struggle on behalf of the religion of Muhammad (s.a.w). In other words, my brother and my respected Hazrat Ahmed Raza Khan (R.A), who in his book, "Al Mu'tamadul Mustanad" has refuted the evil leaders of the false sects and false beliefs. Such people are worse than all evil, wicked and seditious people. Our author, in his book, has summarised and stated the names of those wrongdoers, who due to their wrong doings, are soon to become the worst and the lowest amongst the infidels.
 
"May Almighty Allah grant him (Imam Ahmed Raza) great reward for unveiling the wickedness and wrongness. May Allah accept his efforts and place his most high honour into the hearts of all people."
 
He has said this with his tongue and his writing has given an order. He is hopeful in gaining all he wishes from his Creator.
 
MUHAMMAD SAEED BIN BAABSEEL - MUFTI OF THE SHAFI ORDER IN MAKKAH (R.A)
 
- Second Fatwa:
 
"All Praise is for Allah Who is One. After praise, I have heard of this bright and evident book. I have realised that our leader and most learned sea of great wisdom, Hazrat Ahmed Raza Khan has made obvious the wrongs of those who have left the fold of Deen, those who walk on the path of the infidels and the wicked ones, in his book "Al Mu'tamadul Mustanad." From among their corrupt beliefs, not one of them did he leave un-examined.
 
"O! Readers, it is essential for you to hold on to this Kitaab in which it's author has written with great swiftness. You will find in this book bright and evident proof in refutal of these groups. Especially those individuals who intend to undo the objective which is already bound. Who are these individuals who are known as Wahabis? From amongst them is "Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani" who has claimed Prophethood, and the other ones who have come out of Deen and insulted the dignity of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) are Qasim Nanotwi, Rasheed Ahmad Gangohi, Khalil Ahmad Ambetwi and Ashraf Ali Thanwi and all those who follow their ways.
 
"Almighty Allah grant Imam Ahmed Raza Khan great reward for he has given cure and has answered his decree which is in his book, "Al Mu'tamadul Mustanad", in which are also the decrees of the Ulema of Makkah and Madinah. Due to the corruption and trouble, it has become necessary for them as they (the misguided) are spreading corruption on this earth, they and all those on their path.
 
"May Almighty Allah execute them where they behave arrogantly. May Allah give Imam Ahmed Raza glad tidings and shower His blessings upon him and his children amongst those who will speak truthfully until Qiyamah. Ameen."
 
One in need of forgiveness from his Powerful Creator,
MUHAMMAD BIN ABDUS SALAAM DAGHISTANI - MUFTI MADINATUL MUNAWWARA (R.A)
 
 
- Third Fatwa:
 
"All Praise is due to Almighty Allah Who has shown the path to those whom He has guided and with His Justice, misguided him who He has left, and granted the Believers an easy path to gain advice. He has opened their hearts to bring faith in Almighty Allah and bear witness with their tongues and keep sincerity with their hearts and follow that which Allah and His Books have shown.
 
"Peace and Salutations upon him whom Allah has sent as a mercy unto the worlds, and upon him sent down His Clear Kitaab in which is the bright explanation of everything and to terminate the wrongness of the disbelievers. This Nabi (s.a.w), whose proof and arguments are clear, has made it obvious from his practices. Salutations upon his family for they are guides, and upon his Companions who have made the Deen firm and beneficent, and upon their followers until Qiyamah, especially, the four A'ima-e-Mujtahideen and those Muslims who are their followers.
 
"After Praise and Salutations, I put my sight on the book of a learned person on this earth. He has widened the path of knowledge and, in it (the book) made obvious every interpretation and utterance in his clearly convincing and sufficient arguments. He is Hazrat Ahmed Raza Khan under whose name is "Al Mu'tamadul Mustanad."
 
"May Almighty Allah protect his life and always keep him happy. Now, that which is in refutal of those people, cursed and evil Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani, who is the Dajjal Khazzab of the last decade and Rasheed Ahmad Gangohi, Khalil Ambetwi and Ashraf Ali Thanwi, degrading and insulting Nabi (s.a.w). It is no doubt that they are Kafirs and those who have the power to execute them, then it is necessary for them to do so, to give them the death sentence."
 
This has been said by the servant of Allah,
MUHAMMAD BIN HAMDAAN MAHSARI- SERVANT AT MASJID-E-NABAWI (R.A)
 
Some Titles bestowed upon Imam Ala Hazrat by:
the Noble Ulema of Makkatul Mukarramah
 
1. Coolness for the eyes of the Ulema
 
2. A Beloved and Accepted Slave of Almighty Allah
 
3. The Seal of great Islamic research scholars
 
4. A leader of Ulema
 
5. The Mujaddid of this century
 
These titles are recorded in the books, "Al Fuyuzaatul Makkiya", "Hisaamul Haramain" and "Ad Daulatul Makkiya."
 
Some Titles bestowed upon Imam Ala Hazrat by:
the Noble Ulema of Madinatul Munawwarah
 
1. The leader among Imams
 
2. The leader among Mystics (Sufis)
 
3. The pride of great preceding Ulema and the leader of future Ulema
 
4. The Mujaddid of this Ummah
 
5. A judge among Islamic judges
 
6. The Imam among scholars of Ahadith
 
7. The destroyer of Bid’at and the Upholder of Sunnah
 
8. The Mujaddid of this century
 
These titles are recorded in the books, "Al Fuyuzaatul Makkiya", "Hisaamul Haramain", and "Ad Daulatul Makkiya."
 
His Unique Memory
 
Once Ala Hazrat went to Pillibit Sharif. He stayed with Muhaddith-e-Surat, Hazrat Mawlana Wasi Ahmad Sahib (R.A).
Before leaving for Barelvi Sharif, Ala Hazrat requested to borrow a Kitaab called "Uqoodul Arya" from him. As there was only one copy of the book he gave Ala Hazrat the book and said, "After studying the book, please return it as these are the only few kitaabs that I have for Fatwa writing."
 
Ala Hazrat was supposed to depart from Pillibit Sharif that night, but since he had been invited at another person's home, he stayed one more night in Pillibit Sharif. Sayyiduna Ala Hazrat spent the entire night studying the Kitaab, which consisted of numerous volumes.
 
The following morning, before leaving for the railway station to meet Ala Hazrat (R.A), Hazrat Muhaddith-e-Surat found that the Kitaab that he had lent Ala Hazrat had been returned. He thought that Ala Hazrat was angry and displeased with him for asking him to return the Kitaab quickly. He immediately went to Ala Hazrat and asked for pardon. Ala Hazrat smiled and then said, "That is not the reason for returning the Kitaab. I stayed one more night, so I studied the book and, therefore, did not find the need to take it with me."
 
When Hazrat Muhaddith-e-Surat heard this, he was surprised and exclaimed, "You have studied this book in one night!" Ala Hazrat replied, "Inshallah, for the next 3 months I will not need to look at the book to find any statements, and as for the essence of the book, inshallah, I will not forget it in my lifetime." He then said, "The book did not have a table of contents. I have drawn up one for you."
 
Ala Hazrat initially was not a Hafizul Qur’an. Once, someone wrote a letter to Sayyiduna Ala Hazrat and addressed him as "Hafiz".
When Ala Hazrat saw this, he became depressed for he felt that he was not worthy of such a title. He immediately decided to become a Hafiz of the Holy Qur’an.
 
How did he become a Hafizul Quran? It has been stated that in the time period from Wudhu till the time of Jamaat, Hazrat Allamah Sadrush Shariat would recite one Sipara. Sayyiduna Ala Hazrat would listen to it and, thereafter, recite the same Sipara in the Taraweeh Salaah. He continued this routine for 30 days, and by the end of the month of Ramadan, Ala Hazrat became a complete Hafiz of the Holy Qur’an!
 
 
BLESSED QUALITIES
 
His Blessed Character
 
Both the inner and outer personality of Sayyiduna Ala Hazrat was the same. He never compromised when it came to Shariat-e-Mustafa (s.a.w). He used to reprimand anyone who even uttered one word against Shariah. He was the perfect living example of "love for the sake of almighty Allah and hate for the sake of Allah."
 
He never hurt the feelings of any good Muslim. He showed a splendid amount of affection towards the poor and orphans. On a certain occasion, Ala Hazrat was invited to a person's house. Allamah Zafruddin Bihari accompanied him. The host, due to his extreme poverty, could only afford to place a few pieces of bread and some beef before his honourable guests. When Allamah Zafruddin saw the beef on the table, he became very uncomfortable as he knew that Ala Hazrat never used to eat beef. It did not agree with his health. But, Sayyiduna Ala Hazrat did not object to the food. He sensed what Allamah Zafruddin was thinking about, so he said, "If any Muslim recites the following dua before eating, then no harm will be caused by the food."
 
After completing the meal and, as they were departing, Allamah Zafruddin questioned the host about his reason for inviting Sayyiduna Ala Hazrat to his house in such a time of poverty. The host very confidently replied that although he was in such a state, he was sure that by Ala Hazrat’s presence in his home, his home would be blessed with Barakah and Mercy from Almighty Allah.
 
Once, a young boy went to see Ala Hazrat at his home. He said, "Huzoor! You are invited to my house tomorrow morning."
Ala Hazrat lovingly asked the boy, "What will you be feeding me?" The boy, undoing a knot at the bottom of his kurta, happily replied, "Look! I have brought some Dhaal and chillies." Ala Hazrat said, "Very well then. I shall come tomorrow."
 
The following morning, Haji Kifaayatullah accompanied Ala Hazrat to the boy's house. As they entered the house, Haji Kifaayatullah commented, "Huzoor! This is the home of a musician." Just then the boy appeared to wash their hands. Ala Hazrat asked him, "Where is your father and what is his occupation?"
Before the boy could answer, the boy's mother, from behind the Pardah (curtain), respectfully said, "Huzoor! My husband passed away and he used to be a musician, but before his death he repented. Now, all that I have is this young boy who works to support us." Ala Hazrat then made Dua-e-Barakah and sat down to eat. After eating he said, "If I would receive such sincere invitations daily, then I will definitely accept them."

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Re: Great Sufi Saint
« Reply #29 on: December 13, 2011, 01:23:10 PM »

 

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